1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus textilis Boiss.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Turkey to Iran.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Butt sheaths pubescent; persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 5-70 cm long. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blades filiform, or linear; flat, or convolute; 15-30 cm long; 1-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath. Panicle spiciform; elliptic; 1-3 cm long; 0.6-1.5 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with evident branchlets on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 4.5-6 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 4.5-6 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; 0.25 of their length connate; similar; exceeding apex of florets. Lower glume lanceolate; 4.5-6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex acute; mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 1-2 mm long. Upper glume lanceolate; 4.5-6 mm long; 1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume surface pilose. Upper glume apex acute; mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1-2 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 4-5.5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma margins connate below. Lemma apex truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.33 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 8-14(-17) mm long overall; with twisted column. Palea 2.5-4 mm long; 0.6-0.7 length of lemma; 1 -veined; 1-keeled.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 3.5-4 mm long. Stigmas terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, and western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, North Caucasus, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan

    Alopecurus textilis Boiss. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 12, 1980 Siehe, W. [258], Turkey K000913446
    Apr 12, 1980 Kotschy, K.G.T. [540], Turkey K000913447
    Sintenis, P. [1141], Turkey K000913449
    Fischer, F.E.L. [s.n.] K000913441
    Kotschy, K.G.T. [351], Iran K000913448
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000913442

    First published in Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 40 (1854)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0