1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus utriculatus Banks & Sol.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Medit. to Iran.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; culms solitary, or caespitose. Culms geniculately ascending; 4-40 cm long; 3-4 -noded. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-4 mm long; erose; truncate. Leaf-blades 0.7-12 cm long; 0.8-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath. Panicle spiciform; oblong, or ovate; 0.8-4 cm long; 0.6-1.5 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with evident branchlets on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 5-8.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 5-8.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; 0.33-0.5 of their length connate; similar; reaching apex of florets. Lower glume lanceolate; 5-8.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; winged on keel; winged above; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume surface pilose; hairy below. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-8.5 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; winged on keel; winged above; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume surface pilose; hairy below. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 5-8.5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma margins connate below; with 0.5 of their length connate. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.25 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 6-15 mm long overall; with twisted column. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 3.2-4.2 mm long. Stigmas terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Europe: southeastern. Africa: north. Asia-temperate: western Asia. Pacific: southwestern.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey

    Introduced into:

    New Caledonia

    Recorded in error in:

    Greece

    Alopecurus utriculatus Banks & Sol. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in A.Russell, Nat. Hist. Aleppo, ed. 2, 2: 243 (1794)

    Accepted by

    • Barina, Z., Pifkó, D. & Rakaj, M. (2015). Contributions to the flora of Albania, 5 Studia Botanica Hungarica 46: 119-140.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0