1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anomochloa Brongn.
      1. Anomochloa marantoidea Brongn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms 50-100 cm long. Leaves mostly basal. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 1-2 mm long. Leaf-blade base cordate; with a false petiole. Leaf-blades lanceolate to oblong; (18-)25-40 cm long; (40-)60-100 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence compound; linear (spiciform); 7-14 cm long. Inflorescence comprising only a few spikelets; comprising 1 fertile spikelets; terminal and axillary; subtended by a spatheole; enclosed. Spatheole lanceolate (enclosing a florescence of 1-5 spikelets, its branches each subtended by 2 bracts); 4.5-9 cm long; herbaceous (with cross-veins). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 7-15 mm long; tip pyriform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; curved; laterally compressed; 10-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 3-4 mm long; truncate.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; curved; laterally compressed; 10-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 3-4 mm long; truncate.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; deciduous; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume lanceolate; 10-15 mm long; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; herbaceous; without keels; 10-17 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins with cross-veins. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 9-13 mm long; coriaceous; much thinner above; pallid; without keel; 9-15 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma margins convolute. Lemma apex caudate; with a conical beak (herbaceous, deciduous); with this appendage 13-18 mm long. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules represented by a ring of hairs. Anthers 4; 3-5 mm long. Stigmas 1; terminally exserted; papillose.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; laterally compressed; 10 mm long; apex rostrate. Embryo 0.25 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Anomochloeae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast

    Anomochloa marantoidea Brongn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Brazil K000433325
    Brazil K000433326
    Brazil K000433327
    Brazil K000433328
    Calderón, C.E. [2381], Brazil K000997027
    Calderón, C.E. [2381], Brazil K000997028

    First published in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 16: 369 (1851)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0