1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum gracile Biv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. Central Medit., NW. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms 10-22 cm long. Lateral branches lacking, or sparse. Leaf-sheaths loose, or inflated; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1.2-4 mm long; acute. Leaf-blades 1-7.5 cm long; 2-7 mm wide; aromatic. Leaf-blade margins ciliate. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 4-9 fertile spikelets. Panicle contracted; linear, or oblong; 1.5-3.5 cm long; 0.6-2 cm wide; bearing few spikelets. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 9-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 9-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; shiny. Lower glume ovate; 5.5-6.5 mm long; 0.5 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 10-12 mm long; 4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets dissimilar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 6.5-9 mm long; 2.4-2.8 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined; pilose; hairy below; lobed; 2 -fid; obtuse; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret dorsal. Lemma of upper sterile floret oblong; 1 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; pilose; lobed; 2 -fid; obtuse; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret dorsal; geniculate; 20-22 mm long. Fertile lemma orbicular; 2.7-3.2 mm long; cartilaginous; shiny; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea oblong; 1 length of lemma; 1 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 2. Stigmas 2; protogynous; pubescent.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid. Embryo 0.25 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Europe: southwestern and southeastern. Africa: north. Asia-temperate: western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, East Aegean Is., Greece, Italy, Kriti, Morocco, Sardegna, Sicilia, Tunisia

    Anthoxanthum gracile Biv. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: t. 1 (1813)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0