1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum redolens (Vahl) P.Royen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is New Guinea, SE. Australia, New Zealand, Ecuador to S. South America, Falkland Islands.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Basal innovations extravaginal. Culms erect; 50-100 cm long; 4-5 -noded. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 4-9 mm long; obtuse. Leaf-blades 15-45 cm long; 5-12 mm wide; stiff; aromatic. Leaf-blade surface ribbed (deeply); scaberulous; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate; 10-20 cm long. Primary panicle branches 2 -nate; 5-10 cm long. Panicle branches capillary; pilose. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 1-7 mm long; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet, or reaching apex of florets, or exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; shiny; gaping. Lower glume ovate; 5-8 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; hyaline; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume ovate; 5-8 mm long; 1.1-1.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; male; with palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 6.5 mm long; 1.5 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined; scaberulous; ciliolate on margins; obtuse; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret dorsal. Fertile lemma ovate; 4.5 mm long; cartilaginous; shiny; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface pilose; hairy above. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute. Palea elliptic; 1 -veined; 1-keeled.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 2 (bisexual), or 3 (male); 1.5-3.5 mm long. Stigmas plumose. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Papuasia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. South America: western South America and southern South America. Antarctic: Subantarctic islands.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl NSW 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina South, Bolivia, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile South, Ecuador, Falkland Is., New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Peru, Tasmania, Victoria

    Anthoxanthum redolens (Vahl) P.Royen appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Lewis, R. [225], Falkland Is. K000299621
    Chile Hierochloe redolens K000308357
    Brown, R. [6164], Australia Hierochloe redolens K000808870
    Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia Hierochloe redolens K000808871
    Gunn, R.C. [337], Tasmania Hierochloe redolens K000808875
    Gunn, R.C. [337/2], Tasmania Hierochloe redolens K000808877
    Fraser, C. [s.n.], Tasmania Hierochloe redolens K000808874
    Hohenacker, W.R.F. [1138], Chile Hierochloe redolens K000308356
    Everett [s.n.], Tasmania Hierochloe redolens K000808876
    Cunningham, A. [1], Tasmania Hierochloe redolens K000808872
    Forster, J.G.A. [35], New Zealand Hierochloe redolens K000808866
    Forster, J.G.A. [s.n.], New Zealand Hierochloe redolens K000808868
    Forster, J.G.A. [s.n.], New Zealand Hierochloe redolens K000808867
    Forster, J.G.A. [s.n.], New Zealand Hierochloe redolens K000808869
    Labillardière, J.J.H. [s.n.], Australia Hierochloe redolens K000808873 Unknown type material
    Mueller, F J.H.von [s.n.], Victoria Hierochloe redolens K000808878 Unknown type material
    Mueller, F J.H.von [s.n.], Victoria Hierochloe redolens K000808879
    Mueller, F J.H.von [s.n.], Victoria Hierochloe redolens K000808880

    First published in Alp. Fl. New Guinea 2: 1185 (1979)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Hierochloe redolens.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Broughton, D.A. & McAdam, J.H. (2005). A checklist of the native vascular flora of the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas): New information on the species present, their ecology, status and distribution Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 132: 115-148.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
    • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0