1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum borii S.K.Jain & Pal

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated. Culms 30-120 cm long. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths smooth; glabrous on surface, or pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Ligule an eciliate membrane; erose; acute. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded. Leaf-blades 5-35 cm long; 4-12 mm wide; aromatic. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose; sparsely hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; lanceolate, or oblong; 5-12 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; shiny. Lower glume lanceolate, or ovate; 4.5-5 mm long; 0.66-0.75 length of upper glume; chartaceous; yellow; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate, or ovate; 6-8 mm long; 2.5-3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; yellow; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets dissimilar; male; with palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 5-6 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 5 -veined; pubescent; dentate; 2 -fid; obtuse; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret dorsal; 3-4 mm long. Palea of lower sterile floret 4-5 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret oblong; 5-6 mm long; chartaceous; pubescent; dentate; 2 -fid; obtuse; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret dorsal; arising 0.33 way up back of lemma; straight; 10-12 mm long. Fertile lemma oblong, or orbicular; 2-3 mm long; 1.5-2 mm wide; cartilaginous; without keel; 3-7 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea lanceolate; 1.5-2 mm long; 2 -veined.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 2, or 3; 2-4 mm long. Stigmas 2; pubescent.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Kerala 1997.

    Distribution

    Anthoxanthum borii S.K.Jain & Pal appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 72: 92 (1975)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0