1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Athroostachys Benth.
      1. Athroostachys capitata (Hook.) Benth.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms scandent; 300-800 cm long; 10-15 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement three; in a horizontal line; with subequal branches. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose; spreading. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 8-40 cm long; 25-85 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; globose; with glumaceous subtending bracts; bracts 5 mm long; without axillary buds at base of spikelet. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 13-16 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 13-16 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 4-5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Lower glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 2-5 mm long. Upper glume ovate; 4-5 mm long; 0.3-0.4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 2-5 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 13-16 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 7 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma hairs red. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea keels ciliate. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; lanceolate; 10 mm long.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; oblanceolate; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central

    Athroostachys capitata (Hook.) Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2000 Gardner [s.n.], Brazil K000433108 lectotype
    Jul 1, 2000 Gardner [136], Brazil K000433109 lectotype
    Jul 1, 2000 Gardner [136], Brazil K000433110 lectotype
    Jul 1, 2000 Brazil K000433111 syntype
    Jul 1, 2000 Soderstrom, T.R. [1867], Brazil K000947857
    Jul 1, 2000 Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K000947859
    Jul 1, 2000 Burchell, W.J. [1279], Brazil K000947858
    Jul 1, 2000 Burchell, W.J. [1105], Brazil K000947865
    Jul 1, 2000 Burchell, W.J. [1279], Brazil K000947864
    Jul 1, 2000 Glaziou, A.F.M. [13325], Brazil K000947855
    Jul 1, 2000 Glaziou, A.F.M. [20155], Brazil K000947856
    Jul 1, 2000 Glaziou, A.F.M. [1636], Brazil K000947862
    Jul 1, 2000 Tweedie [1324], Brazil K000947863
    Mar 1, 2000 Miers, J. [3055], Brazil K000947861
    Burchell, W.J. [1105], Brazil K000947860

    First published in G.Bentham & J.D.Hooker, Gen. Pl. 3: 1209 (1883)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0