1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Avena L.
      1. Avena strigosa Schreb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Europe.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 60-120 cm long; 3-5 -noded. Leaves cauline. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-5 mm long. Leaf-blades 8-25 cm long; 5-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; nodding; 8-30 cm long; 3-10 cm wide. Primary panicle branches drooping. Panicle branches scaberulous. Spikelets pendulous; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 17-26 mm long; persistent on plant. Floret callus glabrous; disarticulating obliquely.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 17-26 mm long; persistent on plant. Floret callus glabrous; disarticulating obliquely.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 17-26 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 17-26 mm long; 1.5-1.6 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 10-17 mm long; coriaceous; much thinner above; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above; glabrous, or pilose; hairy all along, or above (when hairy). Lemma apex dentate; 2-4 -fid; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.5 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 20-35 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on apex of lobes; 3-9 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea keels ciliolate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2.5-4 mm long. Ovary pubescent all over.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy all over. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Europe: northern, central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: Macaronesia. Asia-temperate: western Asia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. South America: Brazil and southern South America.
    Reference
    Aveneae. CEH.

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Sakhalin

    Native to:

    Corse, France, Portugal, Spain

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Austria, Azores, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, California, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile South, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Masachusettes, Netherlands, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Sakhalin, Sweden, Switzerland, Tasmania, Ukraine, Victoria, Western Australia, Yugoslavia

    Avena strigosa Schreb. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Spic. Fl. Lips.: 52 (1771)

    Accepted by

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0