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This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Africa to Iran.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-60 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 4-8 cm long; 2-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic; nodding; 10-20 cm long. Primary panicle branches indistinct the panicle almost racemose; bearing 1 fertile spikelets on each lower branch. Spikelets pendulous; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 25-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets. Floret callus elongated; 6-7 mm long; pubescent; pungent.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 25-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets. Floret callus elongated; 6-7 mm long; pubescent; pungent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 25-30 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 25-30 mm long; 2-2.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate; 10-15 mm long; coriaceous; much thinner above; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.33 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 30-35 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn puberulous. Lateral lemma awns arising on apex of lobes; 7 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea keels ciliolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3. Ovary pubescent all over.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; sulcate on hilar side; hairy all over. Hilum linear.
Distribution
Africa: north. Asia-temperate: Caucasus, western Asia, and Arabia.
Reference
Aveneae. Fl Iran 1993.

Native to:

Algeria, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Libya, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Transcaucasus

Avena ventricosa Balansa appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1970 Balansa, B. [557], Algeria K000345124 isotype
Balansa, B. [89], Algeria K000345125
Balansa, B. [89], Algeria K000345126

First published in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 1: 14 (1854)

Accepted by

  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0