1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Bambusa Schreb.
      1. Bambusa tuldoides Munro

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Guangdong, Guangxi) to Peninsula Malaysia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 700-1500 cm long; 50 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; 30-50 cm long; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid; erect, or ascending. Culm-sheaths glabrous; auriculate; ciliate on shoulders. Culm-sheath blade triangular; erect; pubescent (at base). Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule an eciliate membrane; truncate. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base cuneate; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.2-0.3 cm long. Leaf-blades oblong; 12-20 cm long; 10-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface puberulous; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; lax; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 25-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 25-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume ovate; 6 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma 10-14 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acute. Palea keels wingless. Palea apex pubescent. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 6. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China. Pacific: north-central. South America: southern South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Cat 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China Southeast, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    Bangladesh, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Lesser Sunda Is., Mexico Southeast, Nansei-shoto, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago

    Bambusa tuldoides Munro appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 5, 1995 Oldham, R. [650], Taiwan K000854745
    Jul 5, 1995 Oldham, R. [650], Taiwan K000854746 Unknown type material
    Jul 5, 1995 Oldham, R. [652], Taiwan K000854835
    Feb 13, 1958 s.coll. [s.n.] K000795314
    Apr 1, 1936 Hance, H.F. [3657], Hong Kong K000854784
    Apr 1, 1936 Munro, W. [7486], Hong Kong K000854782
    Apr 1, 1936 Millet, C. [s.n.], China K000854783
    Kerr, A.F.G. [5117], Thailand K000621853
    Kerr, A.F.G. [5117], Thailand K000621854
    Soderstrom, T.R. [2253], Brazil K001032018
    Soderstrom, T.R. [2253], Brazil K001032019
    Soderstrom, T.R. [1959], Brazil K001032020
    Soderstrom, T.R. [1863], Brazil K001032021
    Soderstrom, T.R. [1863], Brazil K001032022
    Soderstrom, T.R. [1847], Brazil K001032023
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [1832], Rio de Janeiro K000433044 Unknown type material
    Hance, H.F. [7486] K000854785
    Hance, H.F. [7486], Hong Kong K000854786
    Hance, H.F. [3657], Hong Kong K000854787 Unknown type material
    Hance, H.F. [7486], Hong Kong K000854836
    Oldham, R. [651], Taiwan K000854837 Unknown type material
    Glaziou, A. [13326], Brazil K001032026
    Rocha, E.S.F. [152], Brazil K001032025
    Herbst [9602], USA K000795316
    Barbosa, J. [720], Brazil K001032024
    Sarahyba, L.S.P. [303], Brazil K001032027
    Sergio, L. [303], Brazil K001032028
    Faurie, U.J. [767], Taiwan Bambusa fauriei K000854762

    First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 93 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0