1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Bhidea Stapf ex Bor
      1. Bhidea burnsiana Bor

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. India.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect; 8-13 cm long. Lateral branches ample. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1 mm long. Leaf-blades 2.5-4 cm long; 3-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins tuberculate-ciliate; hairy at base. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; subtended by a spatheole. Spatheole linear; 3-5 cm long; membranous. Racemes 2; paired; 1.5-2 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 3-4 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; flattened; ciliate on margins. Rhachis internodes linear. Rhachis internode tip oblique; cupuliform; with lobed rim. Raceme-bases filiform. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; flattened; 3.5 mm long; ciliate.
    Sterile
    Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 4 in number (lower raceme); 4 in upper raceme; barren; 4-5.5 mm long; smaller than fertile. Basal sterile spikelet lower glume muticous. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas; lanceolate; asymmetrical; as long as fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet callus square; truncate. Companion sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous; winged on keels; entire, or lobed; muticous, or awned; one glume awned; with 0.5-1.5 mm long awn.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 6.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus oblong; 1 mm long; pilose; base obtuse; attached obliquely. Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 4 in number (lower raceme); 4 in upper raceme; barren; 4-5.5 mm long; smaller than fertile. Basal sterile spikelet lower glume muticous. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas; lanceolate; asymmetrical; as long as fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet callus square; truncate. Companion sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous; winged on keels; entire, or lobed; muticous, or awned; one glume awned; with 0.5-1.5 mm long awn.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 6.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus oblong; 1 mm long; pilose; base obtuse; attached obliquely.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; asymmetrical; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; 2-keeled; winged on keel; winged broadly; winged above; 2 -veined. Lower glume intercarinal veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 4 mm long; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex lobed; 3 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 4-5 mm long (winged).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 4 mm long; hyaline; 2 -veined. Fertile lemma oblong; 3 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.15 of lemma length; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 15-20 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn glabrous. Palea hyaline; 2 -veined.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Bor.
    Diagnostic
    Internode tip slightly oblique, 0.5mm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Bhidea burnsiana Bor appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bhide, R.K. [s.n.], India K000974842 Unknown type material

    First published in Kew Bull. 3: 445 (1948)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0