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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World. It is has environmental uses and as animal food.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Tufted perennial; culms 50–150 cm. high, erect from a shortly rhizomatous base, often robust.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 10–55 cm. long, 2–12 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence with a central axis 4–20 cm. long, the racemes numerous and borne loosely or densely in irregular whorls upon simple or branched peduncles; racemes 2–5 cm. long (the lowest shorter than the central axis), pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Sessile spikelet narrowly elliptic, 3–4 mm. long; lower glume chartaceous, ± hairy below the middle, usually not glossy, with or without a pit; awn 10–25 mm. long. Pedicelled spikelet glabrous, with 0–3 pits.
Sessile
Sessile spikelet narrowly elliptic, 3–4 mm. long; lower glume chartaceous, ± hairy below the middle, usually not glossy, with or without a pit; awn 10–25 mm. long.
Pedicelled
Pedicelled spikelet glabrous, with 0–3 pits.
Habitat
Streamsides, swamp margins and cracking clays; 0–1500 m.
Distribution
Old World tropics K1 K2 K4 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T8 U1 U2

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 500 - 2500 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 500 - 2500 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Distribution
Introduced and naturalised in Colombia.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.

[FZ]

Gramineae, T. A. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:4. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Caespitose perennial of variable habit; culms up to 100 cm high, rather straggling, the nodes glabrous, the internodes terete or channelled on one side; leaf sheaths barbate at the base; ligule membranous; leaf laminas up to 30 cm × 10 mm, almost glabrous, tapering gradually to a slender apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence paniculate, with numerous slender branches 2–5 cm long on a common axis 3–10 cm long; lowermost branches sometimes themselves branched; spikelets usually dark purple or flushed with purple; rhachis internodes and pedicels pilose with hairs up to 2.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Sessile spikelet 3–4 mm long, barbate at the base; inferior glume pilose below the middle on the back, rarely glabrous, rigidly ciliate on the margins above, depressed along the middle, with a deep or shallow pit in the upper part, the pit sometimes absent in some spikelets, rarely absent altogether; superior glume lanceolate, the margins sparsely ciliate above or glabrous, depressed along both sides of the keel, the keel scabrid above; inferior floret empty, the lemma oblong, obtuse, glabrous; superior floret epaleate, with stipitiform lemma; awn 10–18 mm long, geniculate, glabrous; anthers c. 1.5 mm long. Pedicelled spikelet usually smaller than the sessile spikelet and reduced to 1 or 2 glumes, rarely well developed and with the inferior glume pitted.
Sessile
Sessile spikelet 3–4 mm long, barbate at the base; inferior glume pilose below the middle on the back, rarely glabrous, rigidly ciliate on the margins above, depressed along the middle, with a deep or shallow pit in the upper part, the pit sometimes absent in some spikelets, rarely absent altogether; superior glume lanceolate, the margins sparsely ciliate above or glabrous, depressed along both sides of the keel, the keel scabrid above; inferior floret empty, the lemma oblong, obtuse, glabrous; superior floret epaleate, with stipitiform lemma; awn 10–18 mm long, geniculate, glabrous; anthers c. 1.5 mm long.
Pedicelled
Pedicelled spikelet usually smaller than the sessile spikelet and reduced to 1 or 2 glumes, rarely well developed and with the inferior glume pitted.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 50-150 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 10-55 cm long; 2-12 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme, or composed of racemes. Racemes numerous; borne along a central axis; 2-5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 4-20 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; flattened; ciliate on margins. Rhachis internodes linear. Rhachis internode tip transverse. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; flattened; with a translucent median line (also present in internodes); ciliate.
Sterile
Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; comprising 2 subequal glumes without lemmas, or containing empty lemmas; linear; 2.5-3 mm long; shorter than fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet glumes without depressions, or pitted (1-3 pits); glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pilose; base obtuse; attached transversely. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; comprising 2 subequal glumes without lemmas, or containing empty lemmas; linear; 2.5-3 mm long; shorter than fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet glumes without depressions, or pitted (1-3 pits); glabrous.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pilose; base obtuse; attached transversely.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; without keels; keel-less except near apex. Lower glume surface flat; without pits, or pitted; pilose; hairy below. Upper glume lanceolate; 1-keeled. Upper glume margins ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret 2.5 mm long; hyaline; 0 -veined; without midvein; without lateral veins; ciliolate on margins. Fertile lemma linear; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex entire; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn geniculate; 10-25 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn glabrous. Palea absent or minute.
Distribution
Africa: Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, Arabia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, northwestern, and north-central. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, and western South America.
Reference
Andropogoneae. FTEA.

[FWTA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Tufted perennial up to 1 m. high.

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[UPB]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Animal Food Grains & Cereals
Eaten by animals (State of the World's Plants 2016).

Native to:

Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Ghana, Hainan, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nigeria, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Senegal, South Australia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Xinjiang, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast, Belize, Bolivia, Caroline Is., Chagos Archipelago, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Colombia, Colorado, Cook Is., Cuba, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Fiji, Florida, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, Jamaica, Kansas, Kermadec Is., Leeward Is., Louisiana, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mexico Southeast, Missouri, Nauru, Nebraska, New Caledonia, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Oklahoma, Panamá, Samoa, Society Is., Suriname, Tennessee, Texas, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 14, 1986 Cuming, H. [1400], Philippines K000290073 holotype
Aug 14, 1986 Mueller, F.J.H. von [s.n.], South Australia K001057470 isotype
Barbados K000632990
Barbados K000632991
Barbados K000632994
Kerr, A.F.G. [11080], Thailand K000620541
Kerr, A.F.G. [3842], Thailand K000620545
Kerr, A.F.G. [6955], Thailand K000620546
Kerr, A.F.G. [6955], Thailand K000620547
Kerr, A.F.G. [7987], Thailand K000620548
Kerr, A.F.G. [7987], Thailand K000620549
Kerr, A.F.G. [19781], Thailand K000620552
Kerr, A.F.G. [19781], Thailand K000620553
Kerr, A.F.G. [19701], Thailand K000620554
Kerr, A.F.G. [19701], Thailand K000620555
Kerr, A.F.G. [15558], Thailand K000620556
Kerr, A.F.G. [15558], Thailand K000620557
Kerr, A.F.G. [9331], Thailand K000620558
Kerr, A.F.G. [9331], Thailand K000620559
Kerr, A.F.G. [9354], Thailand K000620560
Kerr, A.F.G. [9354], Thailand K000620561
Kerr, A.F.G. [11334], Thailand K000620562
Kerr, A.F.G. [11334], Thailand K000620563
Kerr, A.F.G. [11334], Thailand K000620564
Kerr, A.F.G. [11334], Thailand K000620565
Kerr, A.F.G. [11334], Thailand K000620566
Sorensen, Th. [5481], Thailand K000688702
Sorensen, Th. [5891], Thailand K000688706
Larsen, K. [10508], Thailand K000688701
Larsen, K. [9993], Thailand K000688704
Schweinfurth, G. [1027], Sudan K000280705 isotype
Schweinfurth, G. [1027], Sudan K000280706 isotype
Smitinand, T. [1198], Thailand K000688697
Smitinand, T. [1860], Thailand K000688698
Smitinand, T. [2034], Thailand K000688699
Smitinand, T. [2035], Thailand K000688700
Smitinand, T. [6087], Thailand K000688707
Eggers [5654], Trinidad & Tobago K000632995
Put [1963], Thailand K000620550
Put [2049], Thailand K000620551
Barbados K000632993
Loher, A. [s.n.], Philippines K000290077
Lazarides, M. [7445], Thailand K000688708
Brown, R. [6184], Australia K001057467
Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia K001057468
Brown, R. [s.n.], Queensland K001057469
Marcan, A. [1589], Thailand K000620544
Charoenphol, Ch. [4878], Thailand K000688705
Finlay [113], Barbados K000632992
Nascimento, M.S.B. [1392], Brazil K001106135
Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], Bangladesh K000245665 isotype
md Haniff [4215], Thailand K000688703
Vachell, G.H. [s.n.], Macao K001057431
Lisboa, J.C. [s.n.], India K000245666 Unknown type material

First published in Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 80: 62 (1969)

Accepted by

  • Middleton, D.J. & al. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 7: 1-525. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.

Literature

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • GRIN National Genetic Resources Program http://www.ars-grin.gov in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in Proc. Boy. Soc. Queensland 80: 62 (1969).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bosser, J. & Renvoize, S.A. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 203: 1-276. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
  • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
  • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
  • Roshevitz, R.J. & al. (eds.) (1950). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 2: 1-315. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
  • Masamune, G. (1942). Enumeratio phanerogamarum Bornearum: 1-739. Taihoku, Formosa.
  • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Hubbard, C.E. & Vaughan, R.E. (1940). Grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez: 1-128. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.
  • Robyns, W. (1929). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1: 1-229. Goemaere, Bruxelles.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 470 (1972).
  • S.T. Blake in Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 80: 62 (1970).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
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Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
ColPlantA database
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