1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Brachypodium P.Beauv.
      1. Brachypodium bolusii Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 15-45 cm long. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades erect; lanceolate; 2-7(-17) cm long; 2-4 mm wide; stiff.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; straight; bilateral; 3-6 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 1-4 fertile spikelets on each. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; lax; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 6-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 20-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 6-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 20-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-8 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 4-10 mm long; 0.6-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 7-11 mm long; membranous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn apical; 4-8 mm long overall. Palea oblong; 1 length of lemma. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3. Ovary with a fleshy appendage below style insertion; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Brachypodieae. Gr S Afr 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Northern Provinces

    Brachypodium bolusii Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bolus, H. [1986], South Africa K000367335

    First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 737 (1900)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0