1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Brachypodium P.Beauv.
      1. Brachypodium madagascariense A.Camus & H.Perrier

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Madagascar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Stolons present. Culms decumbent; 15-30 cm long; 2 mm diam. Culm-internodes scaberulous. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; retrorsely scabrous; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3 mm long. Leaf-blades 10-15 cm long; 3-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough abaxially; pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; flexuous; bilateral; 4-5 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 4-5 fertile spikelets on each. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; lax. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 35 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes scaberulous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 35 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes scaberulous.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 6 mm long; 0.66 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 9 mm long; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 12 mm long; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous; glabrous. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn apical; 6 mm long overall. Palea oblong; 8 mm long. Palea keels ciliolate. Palea apex emarginate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3. Ovary with a fleshy appendage below style insertion; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Brachypodieae. Camus 2001.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar

    Brachypodium madagascariense A.Camus & H.Perrier appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Perrier de la Bâthie, J.M.H.A. [15380], Madagascar K000367336 Unknown type material

    First published in Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 28: 443 (1922)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0