1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Brachypodium P.Beauv.
      1. Brachypodium perrieri A.Camus

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Madagascar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely. Rhizomes short. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 40-100 cm long. Culm-internodes smooth, or scaberulous. Culm-nodes pubescent. Lateral branches lacking, or sparse. Leaf-sheaths smooth; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 4-30 cm long; 1-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scabrous; pubescent; sparsely hairy; hairy adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; flexuous; bilateral; 5-15 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 3-7 fertile spikelets on each. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; lax. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels cuneate; 2 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 20-35 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 20-35 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 6-10 mm long; 0.75-0.85 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 7-11 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 8-12 mm long; 0.85-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 9.5-12 mm long; without keel; 7-9 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn apical; 5-9 mm long overall. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3. Ovary with a fleshy appendage below style insertion; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Brachypodieae. Bosser 1993.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar

    Brachypodium perrieri A.Camus appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 28: 442 (1922)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0