1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Brachypodium P.Beauv.
      1. Brachypodium phoenicoides (L.) Roem. & Schult.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & Central Medit.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; culms solitary. Culms 45-90 cm long. Culm-internodes smooth. Culm-nodes pubescent. Leaf-sheaths antrorsely scabrous; glabrous on surface, or pilose. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1.6-3.5 mm long. Leaf-blades 20-35 cm long; 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; glabrous, or pilose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Peduncle antrorsely scabrous above. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 6-20 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 4-12 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis glabrous on surface. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; lax. Spikelets ascending; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 12-14(-20) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; curved; subterete; 25-35 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 12-14(-20) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; curved; subterete; 25-35 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 5-6.9 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 7-8.2 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 9 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 8-11.5 mm long; chartaceous; glaucous; without keel; 5-7 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above. Lemma apex obtuse; muticous, or mucronate. Palea 6.8-10.5 mm long. Palea keels eciliate, or pubescent. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; 1.4-1.5 mm long. Anthers 3; 4.4-4.6 mm long. Ovary with a fleshy appendage below style insertion; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Europe: southwestern and southeastern. Africa: north and Macaronesia.
    Reference
    Brachypodieae. Gr Extremad 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Baleares, Corse, France, Italy, Morocco, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Belgium, California, Madeira

    Recorded in error in:

    Albania, Greece

    Brachypodium phoenicoides (L.) Roem. & Schult. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    illegible [669], Portugal K000913829

    First published in Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 2: 740 (1817)

    Accepted by

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Meyer, F.K. (2011). Beiträge zur Flora von Albanien Haussknechtia, Beih. 15: 1-220.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Barina, Z. (2017). Revision of F. K. Meyer’s herbarium from Albania Phytotaxa 331: 213-223.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0