1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Brachypodium P.Beauv.
      1. Brachypodium retusum (Pers.) P.Beauv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to Caucasus, Ethiopia to Arabian Peninsula.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-60 cm long. Leaves distichous. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades aciculate; involute; 2-10 cm long; 1-3 mm wide; stiff; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 2-8 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 1-5 fertile spikelets on each. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; lax; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 8-15 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong; laterally compressed; 20-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 8-15 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong; laterally compressed; 20-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-8 mm long; 0.5-1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 8-9 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 8-9 mm long; membranous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma apex acute; muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn apical; 0.5-3 mm long overall. Palea oblong; 1 length of lemma. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3. Ovary with a fleshy appendage below style insertion; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Europe: southwestern and southeastern. Africa: north and northeast tropical. Asia-temperate: western Asia and Arabia.
    Reference
    Brachypodieae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Corse, East Aegean Is., Ethiopia, France, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, North Caucasus, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Spain, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Brachypodium retusum (Pers.) P.Beauv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1983 Gillbett, J.B. [5302], Ethiopia K000477720
    Alston, A.H.G. [1215], Albania K000477714
    Wood, J.R.I. [3068], Yemen K000477718
    Collenette, I.S. [3676], Saudi Arabia K000477728
    Cope, T. [124], Yemen K000477719
    Balansa, B. [262], Algeria K000477717
    Aellen, P. [167], France K000477716
    Kotschy, K.G.T. [233], Turkey K000433602 Unknown type material
    Cavara, F. [1221], Italy K000477715
    Ball, J. [s.n.], Spain Brachypodium ramosum K000913867
    Ball, J. [s.n.], Spain Brachypodium ramosum K000913866
    Lindberg, H. [1104], Spain Brachypodium ramosum K000913826 Unknown type material
    Boissier, P.E. [199], Spain Brachypodium ramosum K000913827 Unknown type material
    Boissier, P.E. [199], Spain Brachypodium ramosum K000913865 Unknown type material
    Land, D. [s.n.] Brachypodium ramosum K000913828

    First published in Ess. Agrostogr.: 101, 155 (1812)

    Accepted by

    • Meyer, F.K. (2011). Beiträge zur Flora von Albanien Haussknechtia, Beih. 15: 1-220.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Mouterde, P. (1966). Nouvelle Flore du Liban et de la Syrie 1(Texte): 1-563. Éditions de l'imprimerie Catholique, Beyrouth.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0