1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Briza L.
      1. Briza media L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Europe to Siberia and S. Central China.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 15-75 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-1.5 mm long. Leaf-blades 4-15 cm long; 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; pyramidal; effuse; 4-18 cm long; bearing many spikelets. Primary panicle branches spreading. Spikelets pendulous; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; recurved; 5-20 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 4-7 mm long; 4-7 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes obscured by lemmas.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 4-7 mm long; 4-7 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes obscured by lemmas.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume orbicular; 2.5-3.5 mm long; 0.8-1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume orbicular; 2.5-3.5 mm long; 0.6-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblate; auriculate at base; gibbous; 4 mm long; membranous; much thinner on margins; keeled; lightly keeled; keeled below; 7-9 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea oblong; 0.8-0.9 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels winged; narrowly winged; eciliate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3; 2-2.5 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Embryo 0.25 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Europe: northern, central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: Macaronesia. Asia-temperate: Caucasus, western Asia, and China. Asia-tropical: India. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. North America: western Canada, eastern Canada, and northeast USA. South America: southern South America.
    Reference
    Poeae. CEH.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Austria, Azores, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China South-Central, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Argentina South, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Rhode I., Vermont

    Briza media L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Fay, M.F. [MFF143], United Kingdom K000696483
    Heldreich [1595a], Greece Poa media K000641270
    Heldreich [[1986]], Greece Poa media K000641272
    Heldreich [1595b], Greece Poa media K000641273
    Heldreich [564], Greece Poa media K000641274
    Heldreich [1595c], Greece Poa media K000641275
    Sintenis, P. [839], Greece Poa media K000641269
    Griffith, H. [2038], Greece Poa media K000641271
    Velenovsky [s.n.], Bulgaria Poa media K000641276

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 70 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Marhold, K. (ed.) (2012). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 13 Taxon 61: 889-902.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/