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This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Argentina.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms 40-70 cm long; 4-5 -noded. Culm-nodes glabrous. Leaf-sheaths pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-1.5 mm long; obtuse. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 6-20 cm long; 1-2.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 12-20 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading; 2-4 -nate; 2-8 cm long. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 6-9 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 20-40 mm long; 6-8 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 3 mm long; pubescent. Floret callus glabrous.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 6-9 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 20-40 mm long; 6-8 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 3 mm long; pubescent. Floret callus glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 10-11 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface scabrous. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 14-15 mm long; 0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume surface scabrous. Upper glume apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma oblong; 16-18 mm long; chartaceous; keeled; 9 -veined. Lemma midvein scabrous. Lemma surface scabrous. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 3-5 mm long overall. Palea 13-14 mm long. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; 1 mm long; membranous. Anthers 3; 3-7 mm long. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear; 7-9 mm long; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
Distribution
South America: southern South America.
Reference
Bromeae. Parodi 1995.

Native to:

Argentina Northeast

Bromus bonariensis Parodi & J.H.Camara appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Revista Argent. Agron. 29: 12 (1963)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0