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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Asia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual; culms solitary, or caespitose; clumped loosely. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-50 cm long. Culm-internodes smooth; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes glabrous, or pubescent. Lateral branches ample. Leaf-sheaths hirsute; with reflexed hairs. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 5-20 cm long; 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open, or contracted; linear, or oblong; 6-15 cm long; 2-4 cm wide. Primary panicle branches whorled at lower nodes; indistinct the panicle almost racemose to moderately divided; 0-5 cm long; bearing 1-4 fertile spikelets on each lower branch. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 5-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-9 mm long; 4 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 5-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-9 mm long; 4 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; parallel to lemmas. Lower glume oblong; 3.5-4 mm long; 0.9 length of upper glume; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 4-4.5 mm long; 0.9-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma elliptic; 4-5 mm long; 3-4 mm wide; chartaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface smooth, or scaberulous. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 6-7 mm long overall. Palea 0.8-0.9 length of lemma. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 2 mm long. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: western Asia and China.
Reference
Bromeae. Fl Iraq 1999.

Doubtfully present in:

Turkey

Native to:

Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine

Extinct in:

Germany

Introduced into:

Germany, Hungary

Bromus brachystachys Hornung appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Germany K000518036

First published in Flora 16: 417 (1833)

Accepted by

  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Humphreys, A.M., Govaerts, R., Ficinski, S.Z., Nic Lughadha, E. & Vorontsova, M.S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0