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This species is accepted, and its native range is Turkey to Tibet and Arabian Peninsula.
Bromus danthoniae

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 5-40 cm long. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length; pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 2-10 cm long; 2-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; dense; 2-10 cm long; 1-2 cm wide. Primary panicle branches simple. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 6-16 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 10-40 mm long; 4-10 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 6-16 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 10-40 mm long; 4-10 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 6-8 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 7-9 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile florets all alike, or with the lowest dissimilar. Lowest fertile lemma muticous. Fertile lemma elliptic; 8-12 mm long; chartaceous; much thinner on margins; without keel; 9-11 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous, or pubescent, or pilose, or villous. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.66-0.75 way up back of lemma; curved; spreading; 5-15 mm long overall. Lateral lemma awns arising dorsally; shorter than principal. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 1.5 mm long. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, Arabia, and China. Asia-tropical: India.
Reference
Bromeae. Fl Iran.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 20-50 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous, or pubescent. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length; pubescent; with reflexed hairs. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2 mm long; obtuse. Leaf-blades 5-10 cm long; 2-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous to pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; lanceolate; 5-10 cm long. Primary panicle branches 3-6 in number; simple; bearing 2-5 fertile spikelets on each lower branch. Panicle branches straight, or flexuous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 6-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong; subterete; 15-25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 6-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong; subterete; 15-25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; chartaceous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile florets all alike, or with the lowest dissimilar. Lowest fertile lemma muticous. Fertile lemma oblong, or trullate; 12-15 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 7-9 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.66-0.75 way up back of lemma; curved; spreading; 12-15 mm long overall. Lateral lemma awns arising dorsally; shorter than principal. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia and Caucasus.
Reference
Bromeae. Drobov 1999.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms erect; 15-25 cm long. Culm-internodes antrorsely scabrous. Leaf-sheaths pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 5 mm long; erose. Leaf-blades 20-60 cm long; 1-2 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; hirsute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; linear, or oblong; 3-4 cm long; bearing few spikelets. Primary panicle branches indistinct the panicle almost racemose. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 5-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-20 mm long; 3-5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 5-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-20 mm long; 3-5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-5 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse; mucronate. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-6(-10) mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse; mucronate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile florets with the lowest dissimilar. Lowest fertile lemma awned (1-awned). Fertile lemma elliptic; 7-8 mm long; 3-4 mm wide; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 2-10 mm long overall. Lateral lemma awns arising on apex of lobes; 3-4 mm long. Palea 1 length of lemma. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3; 1 mm long. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia.
Reference
Bromeae. Scholz 2006.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Cyprus, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, New York, North Caucasus, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, South European Russi, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya

Introduced into:

North European Russi, Ontario

Bromus danthoniae Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Kotschy, K.G.T. [425], Iran K000913791
Ledebour, C.F. [s.n.], Iran K000913790
Kotschy, K.G.T. [266], Iran K000913795
s.coll. [s.n.] K000913793
Ledebour, C.F. [s.n.], Iran K000913792
s.coll. [s.n.] K000913794

First published in C.A.Meyer, Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 24 (1831)

Accepted by

  • Al-Rawi, A. (1987). Flora of Kuwait 2: 1-455. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Greuter, W. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2010). Med-Checklist Notulae, 29 Willdenowia 40: 189-204.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542. New York Botanical Garden.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Greuter, W. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2010). Med-Checklist Notulae, 29 Willdenowia 40: 189-204.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
  • Roshevitz, R.J. & al. (eds.) (1950). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 2: 1-315. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542. New York Botanical Garden.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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