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This species is accepted, and its native range is Medit. (coasts) to Afghanistan and NE. Sudan.
Bromus fasciculatus

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual; culms solitary, or caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 4-25 cm long. Leaf-sheaths pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 2-10(-20) cm long; 2-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; obovate; 2-6 cm long; 0.7-2 cm wide. Primary panicle branches bearing 1(-2) fertile spikelets on each lower branch. Panicle branches pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile, or pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 10-20 mm long; 5-12 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 10-20 mm long; 5-12 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume linear; 6-8 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 8-12 mm long; 0.75-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile florets divergent. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 11-15 mm long; 1-1.5 mm wide; chartaceous; without keel; (3-)5 -veined. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; with lobes 0.5-1.5 mm long; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; curved; 10-18 mm long overall. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 0.4-0.5 mm long. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear; 7.5-13 mm long; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
Distribution
Europe: southwestern and southeastern. Africa: north. Asia-temperate: western Asia, Arabia, and China.
Reference
Bromeae. Acedo 1996.

Doubtfully present in:

Xinjiang

Native to:

Afghanistan, Algeria, Baleares, Chad, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Sudan, Tunisia, Turkey

Bromus fasciculatus C.Presl appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1991 Collenette, I.S. [4192], Saudi Arabia K000386965
Jan 1, 1990 Samuelsson, G. [3514], Syria K000386953
Jan 1, 1990 Gillett [7208], Iraq K000386959
Jan 1, 1990 Guest, E.R. [18848], Iraq K000386960
Jan 1, 1990 Almokhlar, J. [33309], Iraq K000386958
Jan 1, 1990 Khayat, A.L. [51745], Iraq K000386961
Jan 1, 1990 Collenette, I.S. [5225], Saudi Arabia K000386967
Jan 1, 1990 Collenette, I.S. [5303], Saudi Arabia K000386968
Jan 1, 1990 Townsend, C.C. [318], Jordan K000386957
Jan 1, 1990 Fitzgerald, D.V. [17060], Saudi Arabia K000386966
Jan 1, 1990 Munton [16], Oman K000386969
Jan 1, 1990 Guest, E.R. [1827], Iraq K000386962
Jan 1, 1990 Chapman, E. [183], Cyprus K000386951
Jan 1, 1990 Collenette, I.S. [4396], Saudi Arabia K000386964
Jan 1, 1990 Chapman, E. [358], Cyprus K000386950
Jan 1, 1990 Tengwall, T.A. [436], Turkey K000386948
Jan 1, 1990 Chapman, E. [187], Cyprus K000386952
Jan 1, 1990 Merton, F. [962], Cyprus K000386949
Jan 1, 1935 Sickenberger, E. [s.n.], Egypt K000913683 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1935 s.coll. [163], Lebanon K000386954
McLeish, I. [3769], Oman K000386970
Meyers, F.S. [1306], Jordan K000386956
Hepper, F.N. [10027], Jordan K000386955
Rechinger, K.H. [8580], Iraq K000386963

First published in Gram. Sicul.: 23 (1818)

Accepted by

  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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