Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Rhizomes elongated. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with fibrous dead sheaths. Culms 50-120 cm long. Leaf-sheaths pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 7-15 cm long; 4-7 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate, or ovate; 10-25 cm long. Primary panicle branches drooping; simple. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 35-55 mm long; 5-10 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 35-55 mm long; 5-10 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 13-15 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 17-20 mm long; 1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma elliptic; 15-18 mm long; chartaceous; mid-green, or purple; without keel; 7-9 -veined. Lemma surface smooth, or scaberulous. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 6-15 mm long overall. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
Distribution
Africa: south.
Reference
Bromeae. Gr S Afr 1993.

Native to:

KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Provinces

Bromus natalensis Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Moll, E.J. [1207], South Africa K000316554
Wood, J. M. [4406], South Africa K000367346 Unknown type material
Devenish, N.J. [1520], South Africa K000316553
Buchanan, J. [58], South Africa K000367345 Unknown type material

First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 732 (1900)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0