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This species is accepted, and its native range is Sahara to Kenya, Madagascar.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Tufted annual; culms 10–80 cm. high, erect.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 5–30 cm. long and 2–8 mm. wide; sheaths pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle oblong, 5–25 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 4–7-flowered, 13–30 mm. long, laterally compressed, scaberulous to puberulous, sometimes glabrous or pubescent; glumes lanceolate, the lower 5.5–8 mm. long, 3-nerved, acuminate, the upper 7–11 mm. long, 7-nerved, acute; lemmas narrowly ovate, the lower 8–13 mm. long, herbaceous with hyaline margins, weakly keeled, 7-nerved, acutely bidentate (rarely truncate and denticulate), the awn arising 1–3 mm. below the hyaline tip; awns 9–17 mm. long, the lower a little shorter than the upper, slender, straight; callus short, rounded; palea reaching to the base of the awn, the keels pectinate-ciliate with hairs 0.5 mm. long; anthers 1 mm. long.
Habitat
A ruderal of weedy places and old farmland in the uplands; 2200–3000 m.
Distribution
K3 U1 Sudan Republic, through Ethiopia to Egypt and SinaiSouth Africa

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual; caespitose. Culms erect; 10-80 cm long. Leaf-sheaths pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 4-6 mm long; lacerate. Leaf-blades 5-30 cm long; 2-8 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; nodding; 5-25 cm long. Primary panicle branches drooping. Panicle branches terete; scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 4-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or cuneate; laterally compressed; 13-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus obtuse.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 4-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or cuneate; laterally compressed; 13-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 5.5-8 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 7-11 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma ovate; 8-13 mm long; herbaceous; much thinner above; much thinner on margins; keeled; lightly keeled; 7 -veined. Lemma surface smooth, or scaberulous; glabrous, or puberulous, or pubescent. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 9-17 mm long overall. Palea 0.8 length of lemma. Palea keels ciliate (0.5mm long hairs). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 1 mm long. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
Distribution
Africa: north, northeast tropical, east tropical, south, middle Atlantic ocean, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, western Asia, Arabia, and China. Asia-tropical: India.
Reference
Bromeae. FTEA.

Native to:

Algeria, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Mauritania, Morocco, Sudan, Uganda

Introduced into:

St.Helena

Bromus pectinatus Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Duthie, J.F. [8738], Pakistan K000032408 isotype
K000367347
Zeyher [s.n.], South Africa K000367348
Zeyher [s.n.], South Africa K000367349
Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000367350
Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000367352
Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000367353
Bowker [s.n.], South Africa K000367354 syntype
Schimper [58], Ethiopia K000367356
Schimper [58], Ethiopia K000367358
Schimper [58], Ethiopia K000367357 Unknown type material
Schimper [s.n.], Ethiopia K000367359
Kotschy [58], Syria K000367367
Schimper [175 b], Sinai K000367368
Duthie, J.F. [8738], Pakistan K000913870
Chipp, J. J. [88] K000367362
Bove, N. [6], Sinai K000367366
Forster [s.n.], South Africa K000367351
Chipp, J. J. [88] K000367363

First published in Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 22 (1794)

Accepted by

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Clayton, W.D. (1970). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 1: 1-176.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Naderi, R. & Rahiminejad, M.R. (2015). A taxonomic revision of the genus Bromus (Poaceae) and a new key to the tribe Bromeae in Iran Annales Botanici Fennici 52: 233-248.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Brown, L.C. (1982). The Flora and Fauna of St Helena: 1-88. Land Resources Development Centre, Surbiton, England.
  • Clayton, W.D. (1970). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 1: 1-176.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Naderi, R. & Rahiminejad, M.R. (2015). A taxonomic revision of the genus Bromus (Poaceae) and a new key to the tribe Bromeae in Iran Annales Botanici Fennici 52: 233-248.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Thunb., Prodr. Fl. Cap. 1: 22 (1794).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0