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This species is accepted, and its native range is Egypt to Central Asia and Pakistan, Arabian Peninsula.
Bromus pumilio

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms erect, or decumbent; 5-15 cm long. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length; pilose. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 2-10 cm long; 3-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; ovate; 2-7 cm long; 2-3.5 cm wide. Spikelets ascending; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-6 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-8 mm long; 0.5-0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma oblong; 9-12 mm long; chartaceous; much thinner above; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma lateral veins ribbed. Lemma surface glabrous, or pilose. Lemma apex erose; obtuse; awned; 5-9 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.75 way up back of lemma; curved; spreading; 6-14 mm long overall. Lateral lemma awns arising dorsally; spreading as much as principal; shorter than principal. Apical sterile florets 3-6 in number; barren; in a clump; oblong; 1-5 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas awned; 5-9 -awned. Apical sterile lemma awns 6-14 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3; 0.2-0.5 mm long. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; hairy at apex. Embryo 0.33 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.
Distribution
Africa: north. Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, and Arabia. Asia-tropical: India.
Reference
Bromeae. Fl Iraq.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Kirgizstan, Lebanon-Syria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

Bromus pumilio (Trin.) P.M.Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Schimper, W.P. [402], Sinai Boissiera squarrosa K000913836
Fischer [s.n.] Boissiera squarrosa K000913838
Schimper, W.P. [402], Sinai Boissiera squarrosa K000913837
Schimper, W.P. [402], Sinai Boissiera squarrosa K000913835

First published in Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 79: 338 (1969)

Accepted by

  • Naderi, R. & al. (2016). A new taxonomic concept for Bromus danthoniae Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, B 118: 167-180.
  • Patzelt, A. & al. (2020). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXXIV. Sixty new records from the Sultanate of Oman Edinburgh Journal of Botany 77: 413-437.

Not accepted by

  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo. [Cited as Boissiera squarrosa.]
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Boissiera squarrosa.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Patzelt, A. & al. (2020). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXXIV. Sixty new records from the Sultanate of Oman Edinburgh Journal of Botany 77: 413-437.
  • Roshevitz, R.J. & al. (eds.) (1950). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 2: 1-315. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

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The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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