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This species is accepted, and its native range is Kriti, Turkey to Turkmenistan and Israel.
Bromus tomentellus

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths pubescent; persistent and investing base of culm; with reticulate dead sheaths. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-50 cm long. Leaf-sheaths pubescent and pilose. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 10-20 cm long; 2-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent, or pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 5-8 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; equilateral, or nodding; 6-12 cm long; bearing few spikelets. Panicle branches glabrous, or pilose. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 6-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate, or cuneate; laterally compressed; 23-35 mm long; 5-7 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes eventually visible between lemmas.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 6-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate, or cuneate; laterally compressed; 23-35 mm long; 5-7 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes eventually visible between lemmas.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 9-18 mm long; 0.9 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 10-15 mm long; 0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile florets divergent. Fertile lemma lanceolate, or oblong; 12-17 mm long; chartaceous; yellow, or mid-green; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous to pilose. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; straight, or curved; 11-15 mm long overall. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 3-5 mm long. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
Distribution
Europe: southeastern. Asia-temperate: Caucasus and western Asia.
Reference
Bromeae. Fl Turk 1993.

Native to:

Iran, Iraq, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, North Caucasus, Palestine, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan

Bromus tomentellus Boiss. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 1993 Balansa, B. [1345], Turkey K000913702
Nov 1, 1993 Bourgeau, E. [280], Turkey K000913701
Kotschy, K.G.T. [189], Syria K000913705
Kotschy, K.G.T. [344], Iran K000913704 isotype
Kotschy, K.G.T. [344], Iran K000913700 isotype
Kotschy, K.G.T. [250], Iran K000913703
Gandoger, M. [8590], Kriti Bromus sphacioticus K000913587

First published in Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 126 (1846)

Accepted by

  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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