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This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. Chile to W. Argentina.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with fibrous dead sheaths. Culms erect; 30-45 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1.5-2 mm long; lacerate. Leaf-blades 6-10 cm long; 2.5-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear; 8-12 cm long; bearing few spikelets. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 4-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 12-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 4-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 12-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 8-10 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume surface scabrous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 10-12 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume surface scabrous. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate; 12-13 mm long; chartaceous; keeled; 9-11 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma apex muticous, or mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 0-2 mm long overall. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
Distribution
South America: southern South America.
Reference
Bromeae. Fl Pat 1995.

Native to:

Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Chile Central, Chile South

Bromus tunicatus Phil. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Linnaea 33: 298 (1864)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0