1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Brylkinia F.Schmidt
      1. Brylkinia caudata (Munro ex A.Gray) F.Schmidt

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Sichuan, Jilin), Sakhalin, S. Kuril Islands, Japan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with fibrous dead sheaths. Culms erect; 20-70 cm long; 1-1.5 mm diam.; 3-5 -noded. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length; with 1 of their length closed; pubescent; with reflexed hairs. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5 mm long. Leaf-blades 15-30 cm long; (2-)4-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; paucilateral; 8-22 cm long; bearing 10-20 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis angular; scaberulous on margins. Spikelet packing distant. Spikelets pendulous; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear; 2-7 mm long; pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 12-15 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with the pedicel; pedicel base hooked. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 12-15 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with the pedicel; pedicel base hooked. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 6-6.5 mm long; 0.8 length of upper glume; herbaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 7-7.5 mm long; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; herbaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex setaceously attenuate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 8-14 mm long; 0.66 length of fertile lemma; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined; acuminate. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 13-15 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 10-15 mm long overall; limb scabrous. Palea keels approximate; ciliolate. Rhachilla extension 0.2 length of fertile floret.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; oblong; membranous. Anthers 3; 4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; glabrous; apex umbonate. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Soviet far east, China, and eastern Asia.
    Reference
    Brylkinieae. Koyama.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central, Japan, Kuril Is., Manchuria, Sakhalin

    Brylkinia caudata (Munro ex A.Gray) F.Schmidt appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wright, C. [s.n.], Japan K000808492 Unknown type material
    Wright, C. [s.n.], Japan K000808493
    Munro, W. [202], Japan K000808494

    First published in Reis. Amur-Land., Bot.: 199 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0