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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Calamagrostis Adans.
      1. Calamagrostis decora Hook.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kashmir.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated. Culms erect; 60-120 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 4-5 mm long; obtuse. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 15-30 cm long; 3.5-6 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle smooth, or scaberulous above. Panicle open; lanceolate; 8-15 cm long. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded. Floret callus hairs 4 mm long; 0.75-1 length of lemma.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded. Floret callus hairs 4 mm long; 0.75-1 length of lemma.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; 1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 4 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous. Lemma apex dentate; 4 -fid; truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.1-0.2 way up back of lemma; straight; 2.5-4 mm long overall. Palea 3.5 mm long; hyaline; 2 -veined. Rhachilla extension pilose.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Pak 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    West Himalaya

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Calamagrostis decora Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Duthie, J.F. [12660], India K000032361 Unknown type material
    Duthie, J.F. [12660], India K000032362 Unknown type material
    Duthie, J.F. [12454], India K000032363 Unknown type material
    Duthie, J.F. [12454], India K000032365
    Duthie, J.F. [12454], India K000032364 Unknown type material
    Duthie, J.F. [12660], India K000838356 Unknown type material
    Duthie, J. F. [12454], India K000838355 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Fl. Brit. India 7: 260 (1896)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0