1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Calamagrostis Adans.
      1. Calamagrostis hillebrandii (Munro ex Hillebr.) Hitchc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Hawaiian Islands (Maui).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated. Culms erect; 30-50 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths smooth; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1 mm long; erose. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 10-15 cm long; 2-4 mm wide; 2-4 cm long at summit of culm; stiff. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 5-10 cm long; 3-7 cm wide. Primary panicle branches ascending; rebranched below middle. Panicle branches smooth; glabrous in axils, or pubescent in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein smooth. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 4-6 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled. Upper glume primary vein smooth. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 4-5 mm long; membranous; much thinner above; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins excurrent. Lemma apex dentate; 4 -fid; awned; 5 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.5-0.75 way up back of lemma; curved; 5-10 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; hyaline; 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Rhachilla extension 2.5-3 mm long; pilose.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Pacific: north-central.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Hitchcock 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Calamagrostis hillebrandii (Munro ex Hillebr.) Hitchc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hillebrand, W.B. [s.n.], Hawaii K000838376 Unknown type material

    First published in Mem. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Mus. 8: 147 (1922)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0