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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Calamagrostis Adans.
      1. Calamagrostis quadriseta (Labill.) Spreng.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. & SE. Australia, New Zealand.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 15-120 cm long. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 4-7 mm long; lacerate. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 2.5-7 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acute, or acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; continuous, or interrupted; 5-15 cm long. Panicle axis scaberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 1-3 mm long; scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1.5-1.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2-4 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous. Lemma apex dentate; 4 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.1 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 5-6 mm long overall; with twisted column. Palea 0.8 length of lemma.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a floret.
    Distribution
    Australasia: Australia and New Zealand.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl W Austral 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Calamagrostis quadriseta (Labill.) Spreng. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Brown, R. [6216], Queensland K000838418
    Rodway, L. [1151], Tasmania K000838420
    Gunn, R.C. [771], Tasmania K000838419 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Syst. Veg. 1: 253 (1824)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0