1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Calamagrostis Adans.
      1. Calamagrostis rupestris Trin.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Venezuela to W. South America, SE. & S. Brazil to NE. Argentina.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 40-80 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-4 mm long; lacerate. Leaf-blades 8-20 cm long; 3-7 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous, or scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic; 10-25 cm long; 3-5 cm wide. Primary panicle branches ascending; bearing spikelets almost to the base. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 1 length of fertile spikelet; pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3.8-4.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded. Floret callus hairs 1 length of lemma.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3.8-4.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded. Floret callus hairs 1 length of lemma.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein eciliate, or ciliolate. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 3.8-4.2 mm long; 1.1-1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled. Upper glume primary vein eciliate, or ciliolate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 3.4-3.6 mm long; membranous; without keel. Lemma apex erose; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.5 way up back of lemma; straight; 4.5-8 mm long overall. Rhachilla extension 1.3-1.8 mm long; pilose; hairy above; with 2-2.5 mm long hairs.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a floret.
    Distribution
    South America: northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Tovar 1995.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

    Calamagrostis rupestris Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Clayton, W.D. [4193], Brazil K001101127
    Clayton, W.D. [4465], Brazil K001101128
    Clayton, W.D. [4652], Brazil K001101129
    Clayton, W.D. [4196], Brazil K001101130
    Clayton, W.D. [4264], Brazil K001101138
    Hatschbach, G. [28172], Brazil K001101135
    Hatschbach, G. [28442], Brazil K001101136
    Hatschbach, G. [28574], Brazil K001101137
    s.coll. [s.n.], Bolivia K000308526
    Brazil K000308417
    Davidse, G. [10561], Brazil K001101122
    Kummrow, R. [3097b], Brazil K001101125
    Smith, L.B. [13705], Brazil K001101124
    Smith, L.B. [15586], Brazil K001101132
    Mandon, G. [1304], Bolivia K000308458
    Imaguire, N. [441], Brazil K001101131
    Rambo, B. [36472], Brazil K001101123
    Klein, R.M. [12033], Brazil K001101134
    Dombrowski, L.T. [2728], Brazil K001101126
    Dombrowski, L.T. [2700], Brazil K001101133

    First published in Gram. Panic.: 28 (1826)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0