1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Calamagrostis Adans.
      1. Calamagrostis villosa (Chaix) J.F.Gmel.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is France to Ukraine.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely. Rhizomes elongated. Culms geniculately ascending; 50-150 cm long; 4-5 -noded. Culm-internodes smooth. Lateral branches lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3-5 mm long; lacerate. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 3-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; linear; dense, or loose; 8-20 cm long; 3-6 cm wide. Primary panicle branches bearing spikelets almost to the base. Panicle branches scaberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded. Floret callus hairs 1 length of lemma.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded. Floret callus hairs 1 length of lemma.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1.6-1.7 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.5-3.5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.5-0.6 way up back of lemma; straight; 1-2 mm long overall; without a column. Rhachilla extension 0.5 mm long; pilose.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a floret.
    Distribution
    Europe: central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Eur 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Austria, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

    Calamagrostis villosa (Chaix) J.F.Gmel. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Thomas, L. [s.n.] K000838328
    Thomas, L. [s.n.], Germany K000838327
    Besser, W.S.J.G.von [s.n.] K000838299
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000838298
    Torges, K.E.W. [s.n.], Germany K000838329

    First published in Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis]: 172 (1791)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0