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This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, W. Europe to Medit.
Catapodium marinum

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual; culms solitary, or caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 3-20 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-3 mm long; erose; acute. Leaf-blades 1-10 cm long; 1-3.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough adaxially.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle, or composed of racemes (in weak plants). Panicle spiciform; linear; secund; 0.5-7 cm long; 0.4-1.2 cm wide. Primary panicle branches appressed; simple; 0-1 cm long; bearing 1-4 fertile spikelets on each lower branch. Panicle branches stiff; straight; angular. Racemes single; unilateral. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; 0.2-0.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 4-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes obscured by lemmas; smooth.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 4-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes obscured by lemmas; smooth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 2-3.5 mm long; 0.9-1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins ribbed. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 2-3.5 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins ribbed. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile florets imbricate to tip. Fertile lemma elliptic; elliptic in profile; 2.5-3.8 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; keeled above; 5 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea 0.9 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3; 0.5-1 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid. Embryo 0.2 length of caryopsis. Hilum elliptic.
Distribution
Europe: northern, central, southwestern, and southeastern. Africa: north and Macaronesia. Asia-temperate: western Asia. Australasia: Australia.
Reference
Poeae. CEH.

Native to:

Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Belgium, Canary Is., Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., France, Great Britain, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Bermuda, Tasmania, Victoria

Catapodium marinum (L.) C.E.Hubb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Heldreich, T.H.H.von [3549], Greece K000789827
Heldreich, T.H.H.von [26], Greece K000789828

First published in Kew Bull. 9: 375 (1954)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Britton, N. (1918). Flora of Bermuda: 1-585. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mouterde, P. (1966). Nouvelle Flore du Liban et de la Syrie 1(Texte): 1-563. Éditions de l'imprimerie Catholique, Beyrouth.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/