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This species is accepted, and its native range is Somalia to Mozambique.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual up to 100 cm high; leaves flat, 2–10 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle 4–18 cm long; involucres globose to ovoid, 6–9 mm long; inner spines flattened, connate for 1/3–2/3 their length to form a cup, pubescent on the face, ciliate on the margins, antrorsely scaberulous, aciculate at the tip; outer bristles filiform, mostly shorter than the inner
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 2(–3) per burr, 4–6 mm long.
Distribution
S2, 3; Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique
Ecology
Altitude range 0–50 m.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 20-100 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 5-30 cm long; 2-10 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; 4-18 cm long. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with sessile scars on axis. Panicle axis angular; bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 2(-3) in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; connate into a cup below; with 2-6 mm connate; ovate, or globose; 6-9 mm long; base obconical. Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; with an outer whorl of thinner bristles; inner bristles longer than outer; with longest bristle scarcely emergent; 5-9 mm long; flattened; without grooves; rigid; antrorsely scaberulous; pubescent (surface), or ciliate (margins); spinose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 4-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 4-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 2.5-3 mm long; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 2.5-3 mm long; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5-7 -veined; puberulous; hairy above; acuminate. Fertile lemma ovate; 4-6 mm long; coriaceous; much thinner on margins; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins flat. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea coriaceous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3; 2 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; dorsally compressed; 2.5 mm long.
Distribution
Africa: northeast tropical, east tropical, and southern tropical.
Reference
Paniceae. FTEA.

[FZ]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Annual.
Morphology Culms
Culms 20–100 cm. high, decumbent or ascending.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle 4–18 cm. long; involucre 6–9 mm. long, connate for 1/3–2/3 its length to form a cup; inner spines flattened, pubescent on the face, ciliate on the margins, aciculate at the apex; outer bristles filiform, rarely much reduced.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 2(3) per bur, 4–6 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Lemma
Superior lemma coriaceous.
Superior
Superior lemma coriaceous.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Annual; culms 20–100 cm. high, decumbent or ascending.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 5–30 cm. long, 2–10 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle 4–18 cm. long; involucres globose to ovoid, 6–9 mm. long; inner spines flattened, connate for 1/3–2/3 their length to form a cup, pubescent and not grooved (or indistinctly so) on the face, ciliate on the margins, antrorsely scaberulous, aciculate at the tip; outer bristles filiform, mostly shorter than the inner, rarely much reduced.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 2(–3) per burr, 4–6 mm. long.
Habitat
Coastal bushland on sandy soils; 0–100 m.
Distribution
K7 T3 T6 Z

Native to:

Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda

Cenchrus mitis Andersson appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Peters, Mozambique K000281110 isotype
Peters, Mozambique K000281109 isotype
Peters, Mozambique K000281108 isotype

First published in W.C.H.Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(2): 553 (1864)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by T. A. Cope [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.V. Bogdan, A Revised List of Kenya Grasses p. 54 (1958).
  • Anderss. in Peters, Reise Mossamb., Bot. 2: 554 (1864).
  • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 92 (1965).
  • Stapf & C. E. Hubbard in Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 1078 (1934).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0