1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cephalostachyum Munro
      1. Cephalostachyum burmanicum R.Parker & C.E.Parkinson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Myanmar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 1500-1800 cm long; 80-100 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; 50 cm long; glaucous; distally hispid. Lateral branches dendroid. Culm-sheaths brown; hispid; with black hairs; auriculate; setose on shoulders; shoulders with curved hairs. Culm-sheath blade ovate; cordate; pubescent; acuminate. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty; deciduous. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 15-35 cm long; 25-32 mm wide. Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous. Leaf-blade venation with 14-26 secondary veins; with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough on both sides. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate; antrorsely scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; dense; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension, or with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 12-18 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension, or with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 12-18 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes several; 1-2 empty glumes; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume ovate; chartaceous; without keels. Upper glume apex acuminate; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 7-9 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma apex acuminate; mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 0.5-0.9 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; chartaceous. Palea keels approximate. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid; with excurrent keel veins. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; rudimentary.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6; anther tip smooth. Filaments free. Stigmas 2-3. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage; glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp; oblong, or obovoid.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Indo-China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Parker 2002.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Myanmar

    Cephalostachyum burmanicum R.Parker & C.E.Parkinson appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Khant, M.P. [13268], Myanmar K000912096
    Khant, M.P. [13268], Myanmar K000912097
    Khant, M.P. [13268], Myanmar K000912098
    Khant, M.P. [13268], Myanmar K000912099
    Khant, M.P. [13255], Myanmar K000912100
    Smith, C.L. [56234], Myanmar K000912101
    Yo, S. [56237], Myanmar K000912102

    First published in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 31: 127 (1932)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0