1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cephalostachyum Munro
      1. Cephalostachyum capitatum Munro

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Himalaya to Myanmar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms leaning, or scandent; 400-1000 cm long; 25-30 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; 60-100 cm long; yellow, or mid-green. Lateral branches dendroid. Culm-sheaths 15-30 cm long; 3-4 times as long as wide; chartaceous; pubescent; with appressed hairs; with tawny hairs; concave at apex, or truncate at apex; auriculate. Culm-sheath ligule entire, or ciliate. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate; erect, or reflexed; pubescent. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty; deciduous. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base asymmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.5-0.8 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate, or ovate; 10-20 cm long; 25-50 mm wide; light green. Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous. Leaf-blade venation with 8-20 secondary veins; without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate; filiform; antrorsely scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; globose; 2-3.5 cm long; dense; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 15-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 15-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume ovate; 10-12 mm long; chartaceous; without keels. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent; hairy below. Upper glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 10 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 10-12 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 2-5 mm long overall. Palea tightly convolute around flower; chartaceous. Palea keels approximate. Palea surface pubescent; hairy on back.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6; anther tip smooth. Stigmas 2; pubescent. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage; glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp; ovoid.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Gamble 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, East Himalaya, Myanmar

    Cephalostachyum capitatum Munro appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K000912090
    Hooker, J.D. [1813], India K000912095
    Griffith, W. [8913], India K000912092
    Griffith, W. [6718], India K000912094
    Gomez, W. [8913], India K000912093 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [s.n.], India K000912091

    First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 139 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lepcha, S.R., Sharma, T.P. & Das, A.P. (2009). Diversity and distribution of Bamboos in Pangolakha wildlife sanctuary in Sikkim, India Pleione 3(1): 13-17.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0