1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cephalostachyum Munro
      1. Cephalostachyum flavescens Kurz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Myanmar to Andaman Islands.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 300-600 cm long; 25-38 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; yellow, or dark green; smooth. Lateral branches dendroid. Culm-sheaths 10-35 cm long; 1 times as long as wide; glabrous, or hispid; with appressed hairs; with tawny hairs; auriculate; setose on shoulders; shoulders with curved hairs; shoulders with 2-5 mm long hairs. Culm-sheath ligule entire, or dentate. Culm-sheath blade ovate, or triangular; cordate; erect; 2.5-9 cm long. Leaf-sheaths striately veined. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty; deciduous. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades linear; 7-19 cm long; 10-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade midrib evident. Leaf-blade venation with 8-12 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate; antrorsely scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; dense; 5-6 cm between clusters; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes several; 1-2 empty glumes; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume lanceolate, or ovate; chartaceous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume hairs white. Upper glume apex acuminate; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate, or ovate; 10 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 7-9 -veined. Lemma hairs white. Lemma apex acuminate; mucronate. Palea chartaceous. Palea keels approximate. Palea surface pilose; hairy on margins. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid; with excurrent keel veins.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 5 mm long; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6; yellow, or green; anther tip smooth. Filaments free. Stigmas 3. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage; glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Indo-China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Gamble 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Myanmar

    Introduced into:

    India

    Cephalostachyum flavescens Kurz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    s.coll. [s.n.], Indian Subcontinent K000912130
    s.coll. [s.n.], Indian Subcontinent K000912131

    First published in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 42: 252 (1873)

    Accepted by

    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0