1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cephalostachyum Munro
      1. Cephalostachyum latifolium Munro

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nepal to China (Yunnan).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms leaning, or scandent; 200-300 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; dark green. Lateral branches dendroid. Culm-sheaths 15-22 cm long; 3 times as long as wide; chartaceous; concave at apex; auriculate; with acute auricles. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate; 10-12.5 cm long; 8-12 mm wide. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3-6 mm long. Leaf-blade base asymmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.7-1 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate, or ovate; 25-40 cm long; 25-100 mm wide. Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous. Leaf-blade venation with 16-36 secondary veins; without cross veins. Leaf-blade apex acuminate; filiform; antrorsely scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; globose; 5 cm long; dense; with spathaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 12-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 12-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes several; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume lanceolate, or ovate; 7 mm long; chartaceous; 1-keeled. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 7 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 12 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma lateral veins with cross-veins. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 2-3 mm long overall. Palea tightly convolute around flower; chartaceous. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6; anther tip apiculate. Filaments free. Stigmas 2. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage; glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp; ovoid; 7.5 mm long; dark brown.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Gamble 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Nepal

    Cephalostachyum latifolium Munro appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gammie, G.A. [s.n.], Indian Subcontinent K000912077
    Gammie, G.A. [s.n.], Indian Subcontinent K000912078
    Griffith, W. [2682], Bhutan K000912079
    Griffith, W. [s.n.], Bhutan K000912080
    Stapleton [421], Bhutan K000795529

    First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 140 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0