1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cephalostachyum Munro
      1. Cephalostachyum mindorense Gamble

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Philippines.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms scandent; 30 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled. Culm-nodes swollen. Lateral branches dendroid. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.3-0.6 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 15-25 cm long; 30-50 mm wide. Leaf-blade midrib indistinct. Leaf-blade venation with 14-18 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or puberulous; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; 1-2 cm long; dense; 10-15 cm between clusters; with spathaceous subtending bracts; bracts 5-8 mm long; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate, or ovate; laterally compressed; 10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate, or ovate; laterally compressed; 10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 5 mm long. Lower glume surface hirsute. Lower glume apex awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 1 mm long. Upper glume ovate; 7 mm long; chartaceous; without keels. Upper glume surface hirsute. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1-2 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 7-8 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma surface hirsute. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 1.5-4 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; chartaceous. Palea keels ciliate. Apical sterile florets 2 in number; lanceolate; 1.5 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Apical sterile lemma awns 0.5 mm long.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2, or 3; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6; 3 mm long. Filaments free. Stigmas 2. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage; glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp; ovoid; 3 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Gamble 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Philippines

    Cephalostachyum mindorense Gamble appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Merritt, M.L. [8619], Philippines K000290741 Unknown type material
    Merritt, M.L. [11421], Philippines K000290743 syntype
    Merritt, M.L. [11421], Philippines K000290742 syntype
    Merritt, M.L. [11421], Philippines K000290744 syntype

    First published in Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 272 (1910)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0