1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cephalostachyum Munro
      1. Cephalostachyum scandens Bor

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (NW. Yunnan) to Myanmar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms scandent; pendulous at the tip; woody. Culm-internodes terete; smooth; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 8-22 cm long; 11-22 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface papillose; rough adaxially; glabrous, or pilose; sparsely hairy. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; globose; dense; with glumaceous subtending bracts; bracts 15 mm long; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes several; 3 empty glumes; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 6 mm long; membranous; 1-keeled; keeled above; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 6.5 mm long; membranous; without keels; 9-11 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins with cross-veins. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 8 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 9-11 -veined. Lemma lateral veins with cross-veins. Lemma surface smooth; glabrous. Lemma apex truncate. Palea oblong; tightly convolute around flower; 8-9 mm long; chartaceous; 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 4.5 mm long. Anthers 6; 6 mm long. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: Indo-China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Bor 2002.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central, Myanmar

    Cephalostachyum scandens Bor appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1954 Ward, F.K. [21262], Myanmar K000912134 isotype
    Jan 1, 1954 Ward, F.K. [21262], Myanmar K000912135 holotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 12: 419 (1957 publ. 1958)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0