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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cleistogenes Keng
      1. Cleistogenes kitagawae Honda

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Siberia to China (Hebei, Liaoning).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; mat forming. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-50 cm long; 1 mm diam.; 10-12 -noded. Culm-internodes similar in length. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths tight; longer than adjacent culm internode; smooth; glabrous on surface. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 0.2 mm long. Leaf-blades erect; involute; 2-6 cm long; 1.5-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; exserted, or embraced at base by subtending leaf. Racemes borne along a central axis; erect; unilateral; 3-5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 5-8 cm long. Spikelet packing lax. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1.2-1.6 mm long; pubescent; hairy at tip. Floret callus pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1.2-1.6 mm long; pubescent; hairy at tip. Floret callus pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume linear, or lanceolate; 3-4 mm long; 0.66 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface smooth. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume linear, or lanceolate; 4.5-5.5 mm long; 0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume surface smooth. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; 1.5-1.8 mm wide; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma surface asperulous. Lemma margins ciliolate; hairy below. Lemma hairs 0.4 mm long. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; with lobes 0.2-0.3 mm long; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 1.2-2.5 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy. Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Cleistogene
    Cleistogenes present; in upper sheaths.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet far east, Soviet Middle Asia, China, and Mongolia.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Conert.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Altay, Amur, Buryatiya, China North-Central, Chita, Irkutsk, Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk, Manchuria, Mongolia, Primorye, Tuva, West Siberia

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cleistogenes kitagawae Honda appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Rep. Exped. Manchoukuo Sect. IV 4: 99 (1936)

    Accepted by

    • Sheremetova, S.A., Ebel, A.L. & Buko, T.E. (2011). Supplement to the flora of Kemerovo region since 2001 till 2010 Turczaninowia 14(1): 65-74.
    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Sheremetova, S.A., Ebel, A.L. & Buko, T.E. (2011). Supplement to the flora of Kemerovo region since 2001 till 2010 Turczaninowia 14(1): 65-74.
    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0