1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Coelachyrum Hochst. & Nees
      1. Coelachyrum lagopoides (Burm.f.) Senaratna

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India to Bangladesh, Sri Lanka.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose; clumped loosely. Culms decumbent; 7-18 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Lateral branches ample. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded, or cordate. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 1.2-5 cm long; 3-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 2-8; digitate; closely spaced; in a head; oblong; unilateral; 0.4-0.6 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 2-9 fertile spikelets on each. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 0.66 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate; mucronate. Upper glume ovate; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 2.5-3.5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliate; hairy below. Lemma margins ciliate; hairy below. Lemma hairs 0.5 mm long. Lemma apex cuspidate; mucronate. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels smooth; ciliate; adorned below. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ovoid; flattened; concavo-convex; 1.2 mm long; dark brown, or red; rugose.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Senaratna.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka

    Introduced into:

    Sudan

    Coelachyrum lagopoides (Burm.f.) Senaratna appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wight, R. [s.n.] K000907225
    Wight, R. [3324], India K000907229
    Roxburgh, W. [s.n.] K000907222
    Roxburgh, W. [39] K000907223
    Roxburgh, W. [356], Myanmar K000907228
    s.coll. [1790] K000907221
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000907224
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000907226
    s.coll. [3815] K000907227
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000907231
    Schmid, B. [s.n.], India K000907230

    First published in Grass. Ceylon: 79 (1956)

    Accepted by

    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0