1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Anethum L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Sahara to India.

    [FZ]

    Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Annual herbs with compound pinnate leaves and filiform ultimate segments.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels compound, bracts and bracteoles obsolete.
    Calyx
    Sepals absent, petals yellow, with strongly incurved apices.
    Fruits
    Fruit elliptical, strongly dorsiventrally compressed, with some development of lateral wings.
    Vittae
    Vittae solitary in the furrows.
    [FTEA]

    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Glabrous, aromatic annual
    Leaves
    Leaves 3–4-pinnate, continually dissected into fine filiform segments
    Inflorescences
    Umbels compound, numerous, leaf-opposed; involucre and involucel none
    Flowers
    Flowers polygamous
    Calyx
    Calyx-teeth absent
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, strongly incurved at the tip and emarginate
    Fruits
    Fruit elliptic-oblong, strongly dorsally compressed, the mericarps not narrowed to the broad commissure; primary ribs pale, conspicuous, the 3 dorsal filiform, the 2 laterals expanded into a rather thick wing-like margin; valleculae each with a single dark vitta, commissure bivittate; stylopodia shortly conical; carpophore deeply bifid
    Seeds
    Endosperm depressed-pentagonal, somewhat sulcate below the vittae.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Chad, Gulf States, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Albania, Altay, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Hungary, Illinois, India, Italy, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Kriti, Krym, Laos, Leeward Is., Madeira, Mozambique, Netherlands, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northwest European R, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, Sicilia, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Windward Is., Yugoslavia

    Anethum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 263 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 127 (1754).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 127 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 263 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0