Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Sahara to India.
Anethum graveolens

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Tall annual herb with pinnately decomposite leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucre and involucral bracts absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence hermaphrodite or commonly polygamous Umbels compound
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals suborbicular, truncate and emarginate above with an incurved acumen
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx obsolete
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ellipsoid, much compressed dorsally Mericarps with intermediate ribs filiform, prominent, laterals winged, contiguous and forming a broad margin to the fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Vittae
Vittae solitary in valleculae, very broad
Disc
Disk flattened but small, margins undulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stylopodium
Stylopodia prominent, conical-Carpophore bipartite
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Endosperm
Endosperm with the commissural face flattened.
Note
Anethum (the Latin name for A. graveolens).

[FZ]

Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Annual herbs with compound pinnate leaves and filiform ultimate segments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels compound, bracts and bracteoles obsolete.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals absent, petals yellow, with strongly incurved apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit elliptical, strongly dorsiventrally compressed, with some development of lateral wings.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Vittae
Vittae solitary in the furrows.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Aromatic glabrous annual Plant polygamous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3–4-pinnate, dissected into filiform segments
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels compound, leaf-opposed; involucre and involucel absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, strongly incurved at the tip and emarginate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits elliptic-oblong, strongly dorsally compressed, the mericarps not narrowed to the broad commissure; primary ribs conspicuous, the 3 dorsal filiform, the 2 lateral expanded into a rather thick wing-like margin; vittae dark, 1 in each groove and 2 in each commissural face; stylopodia shortly conical.
Distribution
Two species only, but one is widespread in cultivation as a spice or condiment.

[FTEA]

Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous, aromatic annual
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3–4-pinnate, continually dissected into fine filiform segments
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels compound, numerous, leaf-opposed; involucre and involucel none
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers polygamous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-teeth absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, strongly incurved at the tip and emarginate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit elliptic-oblong, strongly dorsally compressed, the mericarps not narrowed to the broad commissure; primary ribs pale, conspicuous, the 3 dorsal filiform, the 2 laterals expanded into a rather thick wing-like margin; valleculae each with a single dark vitta, commissure bivittate; stylopodia shortly conical; carpophore deeply bifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Endosperm depressed-pentagonal, somewhat sulcate below the vittae.

Native to:

Algeria, Chad, Cyprus, Gulf States, Iran, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia

Introduced into:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Altay, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Hungary, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Iraq, Italy, Jamaica, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Kriti, Krym, Laos, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Madeira, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Mozambique, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, New Jersey, New York, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, North Dakota, Northwest European R, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Pennsylvania, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Saskatchewan, Sicilia, Somalia, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Virginia, Wake I., Washington, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Yugoslavia

Anethum L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 263 (1753)

Accepted by

  • (2015). file:///C:/Users/rg02kg/Downloads/Jimnez-MejasVargas2015PhylogenytribeApieae.pdf epublication.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Linnaeus, Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 127 (1754)
  • Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. ed. 1: 263 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 127 (1754).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 127 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 263 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Iraq
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0