1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cornucopiae L.
      1. Cornucopiae alopecuroides L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Syria to Israel.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 6-20 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 4-12 cm long; 1-3 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; terminal and axillary; deciduous as a whole; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Peduncle straight (inflated); expanded into a conical flask at apex (5-6mm long, entire or crenate); disarticulating; disarticulating above uppermost sheath; base blunt. Panicle capitate; ovate, or globose; 0.8-2 cm long; 0.5-1 cm wide. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-7.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-7.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below (to the middle); similar; exceeding apex of florets; shiny. Lower glume oblong; 6-7 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume surface pubescent; hairy on veins. Lower glume apex acute; mucronate. Upper glume oblong; 6-7 mm long; 1.1-1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume surface pubescent; hairy on veins. Upper glume apex acute; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 5-6 mm long; membranous; shiny; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma margins connate below. Lemma apex truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.1 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 12-15 mm long overall; clearly exserted from spikelet; with twisted column. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Pal.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Lebanon-Syria, Palestine

    Cornucopiae alopecuroides L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 4, 1955 Samuelsson, G. [4645], Syria K000913544
    Armitage [s.n.], Israel K000913540
    Zohary, M. [s.n.], Israel K000913541

    First published in Mant. Pl. 1: 28 (1767)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0