1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cornucopiae L.
      1. Cornucopiae cucullatum L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Gozo to N. Iraq.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect, or decumbent; 8-47 cm long; 2-5 -noded. Leaf-sheaths inflated. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.7-3 mm long; obtuse. Leaf-blades 0.6-12 cm long; 1-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scabrous; rough adaxially; glabrous, or pilose; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; terminal and axillary; deciduous as a whole; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath. Peduncle nodding; expanded into a conical flask at apex (2.5-5.5mm long, dentate); disarticulating; disarticulating above uppermost sheath; base pungent. Panicle capitate; obovate; 0.5-1.2 cm long; 0.2-0.9 cm wide. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-7.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-7.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; similar; reaching apex of florets. Lower glume elliptic; 3.5-5.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume elliptic; 3.5-5.5 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume apex truncate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 3.5-5.5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma margins connate below. Lemma apex truncate; muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.5 way up back of lemma; 0-1.5 mm long overall. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 4-6 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid; laterally compressed; 2-2.6 mm long. Embryo 0.33 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Europe: southeastern. Asia-temperate: western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Turk.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    East Aegean Is., Greece, Iraq, Italy, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Sicilia, Turkey

    Introduced into:

    Kriti

    Cornucopiae cucullatum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 1955 Fleischer [s.n.], Turkey K000913546
    Balansa, B. [s.n.], Turkey K000913545

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 54 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/