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This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Africa to W. Iran.
Cutandia dichotoma

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 5-30 cm long. Leaf-sheaths inflated; smooth. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-5 mm long. Leaf-blades 2-10 cm long; 0.5-1.5 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate; dense; 2-8 cm long. Primary panicle branches 1-2 -nate; branching divaricately. Panicle axis bearing deciduous branches. Panicle branches stiff; straight; angular; scabrous; with prominent pulvini. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; angular; 0.2-1 mm long; scabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2-4(-5) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 6-11.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1.5-2.5 mm long; pubescent.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2-4(-5) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 6-11.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1.5-2.5 mm long; pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 2.5-4.5 mm long; 0.4 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein smooth, or scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 2.7-5 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein smooth, or scaberulous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile florets appressed to rhachilla; overlapping 0.3-0.4 their length. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4-5.8 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; mucronate. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 0.3-0.5 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 2.5-3 mm long. Hilum punctiform.
Distribution
Africa: north and Macaronesia. Asia-temperate: Caucasus, western Asia, and Arabia.
Reference
Poeae. Fl Turk.

Native to:

Algeria, Cyprus, Egypt, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Mauritania, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey

Cutandia dichotoma (Forssk.) Trab. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in J.A.Battandier & L.C.Trabut, Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 237 (1895)

Accepted by

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Hand, R. (ed.) (2015). Supplementary notes to the flora of Cyprus VIII Willdenowia 45: 245-259.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/