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This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, SE. Spain to Pakistan.
Cutandia memphitica

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms erect, or decumbent; 10-30 cm long. Leaf-sheaths inflated. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-5 mm long; lacerate; truncate, or obtuse. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; conduplicate; 3-9 cm long; 1-1.5 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle open; elliptic; 3-18 cm long. Primary panicle branches branching divaricately. Panicle axis bearing deciduous branches. Panicle branches stiff; straight; angular; with prominent pulvini. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; angular; 0.3-0.6(-1.5) mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 3-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblanceolate; laterally compressed; 7-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1.5-3.2 mm long; scaberulous.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 3-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblanceolate; laterally compressed; 7-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1.5-3.2 mm long; scaberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 3.5-5 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein smooth, or scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate; mucronate. Upper glume lanceolate; 4.5-6 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein smooth, or scaberulous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate; mucronate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate; 6-8.5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein without distinctive roughness, or scaberulous. Lemma apex entire, or dentate; 2 -fid; emarginate; mucronate, or awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 0.5-1.2 mm long overall. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 1-2 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear; trigonous; 3-4 mm long. Embryo 0.1-0.15 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform.
Distribution
Europe: southwestern. Africa: north and Macaronesia. Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, and Arabia. Asia-tropical: India. North America: southwest USA.
Reference
Poeae. Fl Iraq.

Doubtfully present in:

Mauritania

Native to:

Afghanistan, Algeria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Cyprus, Egypt, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, North Caucasus, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Western Sahara

Introduced into:

California

Cutandia memphitica (Spreng.) Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Cosson, E. [s.n.], Algeria K000345179
Boissier, E. [s.n.], Algeria K000345178

First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 118 (1881)

Accepted by

  • Al-Rawi, A. (1987). Flora of Kuwait 2: 1-455. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A., Jacquemoud, F. & Jordan, D. (1992). Matériaux pour la conaissance floristique du Sahara occidental et l'Anti-Atlas méridional. I. Pteridophyta à Rosaceae Candollea 47: 113-179.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

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© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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