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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Medit.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual; caespitose. Culms 5-20 cm long. Leaf-sheaths without keel; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 7-13 mm long; acute. Leaf-blades 2-5 cm long; 2 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough on both sides; glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle capitate; ovate; secund; 2-3 cm long; 1.5-3 cm wide. Panicle axis scaberulous. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster.
Sterile
Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas; oblong; laterally compressed; 4-5 mm long; longer than fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 11-13; exserted from glumes; 1-1.5 mm long; 1-awned; with 6-12 mm long awn.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas; oblong; laterally compressed; 4-5 mm long; longer than fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 11-13; exserted from glumes; 1-1.5 mm long; 1-awned; with 6-12 mm long awn.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets. Lower glume linear, or lanceolate; 6-7 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 3-6 mm long. Upper glume linear, or lanceolate; 6-7 mm long; 1.7 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 3-6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate, or oblong; 3.5-4 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above. Lemma apex emarginate, or acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 15-20 mm long overall. Palea lanceolate; 1 length of lemma. Palea keels scabrous. Palea surface scabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3; 0.45-0.6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong, or ovoid; 2.6-2.8 mm long.
Distribution
Africa: north. Asia-temperate: western Asia.
Reference
Poeae. Fl Afr N 1993.

Native to:

Cyprus, Egypt, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Palestine, Tunisia

Introduced into:

Cape Provinces

Cynosurus coloratus Lehm. ex Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in C.G.D.Nees von Esenbeck, Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.: 439 (1841)

Accepted by

  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0