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This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit. to Temp. Eurasia. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as a medicine.
Dactylis glomerata

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Coarsely tufted perennial.
Morphology Culms
Culms 15–140 cm. high, erect or spreading, slender to stout, the vegetative shoots strongly compressed.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 10–45 cm. long and 2–14 mm. wide, at first folded, glabrous; sheaths strongly compressed and keeled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle oblong to ovate, 2–30 cm. long; the branches close together and spike-like or usually with the lower distant and bare at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets oblong or wedge-shaped, 5–9 mm. long; glumes lanceolate to ovate, ciliate on the keel, finely pointed; lemmas lanceolate to oblong in side view, 4–7 mm. long, the keel ciliate or rough, tipped with a rigid awn up to 1.5 mm. long.
Figures
Fig. 16, p. 44.
Habitat
Roadsides; 2000–2300 m.
Distribution
T3 temperate Europe and Asia, introduced into most temperate countries

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 2000 - 4500 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Distribution
Introduced and naturalised in Colombia.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 2000 - 4500 m.; Andes, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
bermuda, dorchoro, grama, ochor, ochoro, orchoro, orochoa, pasto argentina, pasto azul, pasto ochor, pasto ochoro, pasto orchoro, pasto orillo, pastoazul, raigrás

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Basal innovations flabellate. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 15-140 cm long. Leaf-sheaths keeled. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades conduplicate; 10-45 cm long; 2-14 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; ovate; interrupted; secund; 2-30 cm long; gathered into fascicles. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or cuneate; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 5-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or cuneate; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 5-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma obovate; laterally compressed; lanceolate in profile, or oblong in profile; 4-7 mm long; herbaceous; much thinner on margins; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma midvein pectinately ciliate. Lemma lateral veins convergent above; extending close to apex. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 0.5-1.5 mm long overall. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Hilum punctiform.
Distribution
Europe: northern, central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north, Macaronesia, northeast tropical, east tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet far east, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, Arabia, China, Mongolia, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India and Malesia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, and north-central. North America: Subarctic, western Canada, eastern Canada, northwest USA, north-central USA, northeast USA, southwest USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America. Antarctic: Subantarctic islands.
Reference
Poeae. FTEA.

[UPB]
Use Medicines
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

Doubtfully present in:

Saudi Arabia, Yemen

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

Extinct in:

Jawa

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Bolivia, Brazil South, British Columbia, California, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Fiji, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Greenland, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Kerguelen, Kermadec Is., Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manitoba, Marquesas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Réunion, Sakhalin, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South Georgia, St.Helena, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yukon

Dactylis glomerata L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 27, 2009 Gremmen, N.J.M. [T07 0320], Tristan da Cunha K000369933
Apr 27, 2009 Gremmen, N.J.M. [T07 0179], Tristan da Cunha K000369963
Jun 1, 1983 Garcia, E. [419], Bolivia K001065201
Jan 1, 1980 Toppin, S. [581], Pakistan K001064992
Aug 1, 1968 Stableford, H.S. [8], Tristan da Cunha K000369251
Jul 5, 1968 Wace, N.M. [T 187], Tristan da Cunha K000369249
Aug 2, 1966 s.coll. [s.n.] K000369229
Jan 1, 1963 Bor, N.L. [s.n.], Austria K001064153
Dec 1, 1960 Hutchison, P.C. [221], Chile K001065204
Jan 1, 1957 Polunin, O. [3159], Nepal K001065064
Jan 1, 1957 Stainton [3656], Nepal K001065065
Jan 1, 1957 Stainton [1976], Nepal K001065071
Jan 1, 1957 Polunin, O. [2625], Nepal K001065070
Jan 1, 1957 Polunin, O. [5003], Nepal K001065063
Jan 1, 1957 Stainton [7380], Nepal K001065066
Jan 1, 1947 Peterson, P.M. [14919], Peru K001065200
Jan 1, 1947 Bor, N. [15529], India K001065079
Jan 1, 1947 Bor, N. [14088], India K001065083
Jan 1, 1947 Blair, I.J. [448], Peru K001065199
Jan 1, 1947 Wood, J.R.I. [4375], Colombia K001065197
Jan 1, 1947 Little, E.L.Jr. [8636], Colombia K001065196
Jan 1, 1947 Bor, N. [14055], India K001065080
Jan 1, 1947 Blair, I.J. [487], Peru K001065198
Turner, D. [s.n.], Italy K000789930
Tenore, M. [s.n.], Italy K000789931
Ahlberg, F. [s.n.] K001064099
Lindberg, H. [1049], Finland K001064123
Asplund, E. [195], Sweden K001064124
Bell, P.R. [25], Switzerland K001064139
s.coll. [s.n.], Switzerland K001064141
s.coll. [s.n.], Switzerland K001064142
Fettweis, F. [s.n.], Germany K001064152
s.coll. [s.n.], Germany K001064154
Stapf, O. [s.n.] K001064159
de Degen, A. [72], Hungary K001064163
de Degen, A. [73], Hungary K001064165
Wisniewski, T. [3210], Poland K001064172
Schneider, C.K. [357], Bulgaria K001064177
van Soest [s.n.], Netherlands K001064193
Townsend, D.W.H. [T542], Spain K001064196
Drummond, R.B. [919], Italy K001064201
Reichenbach [s.n.], Italy K001064203
s.coll. [697], Malta K001064205
Malz, K. [s.n.] K001064211
Rechinger, K.H. [16050], Serbia K001064213
Turrill, W.B. [K234], Croatia K001064217
Markovich [s.n.], Georgia K001064937
Price, M.P. [130], Mongolia K001064942
Keng [3776], China K001064970
Rock, J.F. [11620], China K001064977
Frantskerich, N.A. [867] K001064984
Cavalerie, J. [2125], China K001065041
Stewart, R.R. [25061], Pakistan K001065049
Rodway, F.A. [2059], Australia K001065125
Flynn, T. [6131], Hawaii K001065155
Ellman [473], Spain K001064227
Ruiebold, A. [s.n.], Spain K001064228
Platt, J.W.O. [508], Greece K001064239
v.d. Merwe, J.J. [72] K000369250
Nicholas, A. [2097], South Africa K001065161
McCalllum Webster, M. [79], South Africa K001065166
v.d. Merwe, C.V. [1303], South Africa K001065167
Linael [549], Colombia K001065195
Renvoize, S.A. [4150], Bolivia K001065202
Wheeler Haines, R. [W2034], Iraq K001065212
Stewart, R. [9620], Pakistan K001064986
Duthie, J. [203/2], Pakistan K001064990
Duthie, J. [17805], Pakistan K001064991
Saunders, E. [s.n.], Pakistan K001064996
Saunders, E. [s.n.], Pakistan K001064997
Schlagintweit [3299], India K001065055
Falconer [s.n.], India K001065058
Dunbar, G. [2], Bhutan K001065068
Clarke, C. [26764 A], India K001065069
Wingate, G. [s.n.], India K001065074
Koclz, W. [21708], India K001065082
Gamble, J. [24308], India K001065086
Duthie, J. [25025], India K001065087
Narayanarwami, V. [4381], India K001065096
Drummond, J.R. [23349], India K001065107
s.coll. [s.n.], Algeria K001064826
Balls, E.K. [B2957], Morocco K001064886
Murray, R.P. [s.n.] K001064919
Bramwell [410], Canary Is. K001064921
Bourgeau, E. [1562] K001064922
Bourgeau, E. [527] K001064926
Perraudiere [s.n.], Canary Is. K001064927
s.coll. [682], Madeira K001064932
Lowe, R.J. [682], Madeira K001064933
Le Fleming [s.n.], Russian Federation K001064953
Lipskyi, V.I. [s.n.] K001064950
Punson, F. [s.n.], Russian Federation K001064951
von Knorring, O. [519], Russian Federation K001064960
Townsend, D.W.H. [T515], Spain K001064197
Drummond, J. [23362], India K001065105
Meebold, A. [s.n.] K001064146
Lindberg, H. [3462], Morocco K001064887
Burduja, C. [3297], Romania K001064162
Soreng, R.J. [7906], Russian Federation K001064962
Judd, A.F. [s.n.], Hawaii K001065152
s.coll. [s.n.], Spain K001064226
s.coll. [s.n.] K001064216
Salzmann [s.n.], Gibraltar K000650842
Wang, Z.T. [870330], China K001064969
s.coll. [s.n.], Spain K001064223
de Degen, A. [71], Hungary K001064164
Toosseus, A.P. [1021] K001065162
Koelz, W. [21708], India K001065077
Hubbard, E. [s.n.], Norway K001064094
Blake, S. [347], Australia K001065110
Shirley, J. [s.n.], Queensland K001065122
Townsend, C.C. [88/100], Greece K001064240
Bredmann, G. [s.n.] K001064147
Levan, A. [s.n.], Sweden K001064129
Bor, N. [12693], India K001065075
Redurep [s.n.] K001064157
Murray, R.P. [s.n.] K001064918
Roux [711], France K001064183
Collett, R. [s.n.], Norway K001064098
Kneucker, A. [900] K001064149
Rogers, F.A. [292], Switzerland K001064161
s.coll. [s.n.], Romania K001064939
Ali, S. [220], Pakistan K001065050
Vickery, J. [99], New South Wales K001065115
Townsend, D.W.H. [T539], Spain K001064198
Borel, J.M. [s.n.], France K001064189
Holmberg, O.R. [s.n.], Sweden K001064095
Henry, A. [6530 A], China K001064967
s.coll. [408], Italy K001064200
Roadway, F.A. [s.n.], New South Wales K001065120
Chu, K.L. [2904], China K001064971
Siddiqi, M.A. [s.n.], Pakistan K001065051
s.coll. [s.n.] K001065414
Sennen, F. [s.n.], Spain K001064220
Duthie, J.F. [22670], Pakistan K001065047
Upson, R. [RU 51] K000649872
Silverwood, J. [264-72: 02484], Malta K001064206
Gamble, J. [4857A], India K001065090
Duthie, J. [s.n.], India K001065089
Kurz [s.n.], India K001065103
Ferguson, K. [6188/95], Morocco K001064906
s.coll. [s.n.] K001064144
s.coll. [s.n.], Sweden K001064096
Stewart, R.R. [23432], Pakistan K001065048
Sennen, F. [s.n.], Spain K001064221
Ferguson, K. [6361/95], Morocco K001064907
Walker, E.H. [4911], New Zealand South K001065149
Rodway, F.A. [1972], New South Wales K001065111
Du Toit, P.C.V. [2543] K001065164
Falconer [s.n.], India K001065057
Löfvander, C. [s.n.], Sweden K001064097
Siddiqi, M. [1], Pakistan K001064999
Whiting, M.M. [621], Germany K001064156
s.coll. [395], Algeria K001064829
Renvoize, S. [6003], Georgia K001064980
Farges, R.P. [301], China K001064972
Drummond, J. [21368], India K001065104
Pitard, C.J. [1275], Morocco K001064890
Mosseray, R. [s.n.], France K001064182
Gamble, J. [4856A], India K001065091
McKie, E.N. [706], New South Wales K001065118
Bourne [3696], India K001065092
Greenaway, P.J. [7908], Tanzania K001065159
Nikitin, V.V. [s.n.] K001064985
Jimma, A.T.S. [A 47], Ethiopia K001065157
Simpson, N.D. [39500], Libya K001064903
Tufvesson, P. [s.n.], Sweden K001064151
Tothill, J.D. [60], Fiji K001065156
s.coll. [s.n.], Spain K001064225
Thomson, T. [s.n.], India K001065097
s.coll. [s.n.], Gibraltar K000650844
Tilden, J.E. [869], Victoria K001065126
Thomson, T. [s.n.], India K001065106
Korolkoff [s.n.] K001064941
Borel, J.M. [s.n.], France K001064184
Parker, R.N. [4835], South Africa K001065168
Bolus, L. [14917], South Africa K001065170
Faurie, U. [1222], Japan K001065046
Bornmüller, J. [496] K001064207
Harriss [16804], Pakistan K001064993
Burns, T.E. [810], Tasmania K001065112
Damanakis, M. [3650], Greece K001064232
Santesson, R. [691], Argentina K001065211
s.coll. [s.n.], Gibraltar K000650843
Bové, N. [s.n.], Algeria K001064902
Peterson, P.M. [18696], Canada K001065128
Coveny, R. [11384], New South Wales K001065124
Andrews, C. [1219], Western Australia K001065121
s.coll. [24/45], South Africa K001065165
Grintescu, G.P. [1432], Romania K001064168
J.J. [s.n.], Tibet K001065059
Asplund, E. [1006], Canary Is. K001064924
Salah ben Saud [287], Libya K001064904
Cope, T.A. [RBG 62], United Kingdom K000914518
s.coll. [s.n.] K001064928
Hooker [s.n.], Morocco K001064896
Garder [s.n.] K001064155
Degener, O. [9129], Hawaii K001065151
Smook, L. [1233] K001065163
Tzvelev, N. [4909], Ukraine K001064955
Blake, S. [339], Australia K001065109
Boissier [s.n.], Algeria K001064899
Atchley, S.L. [1988], Greece K001064241
Jacquemont, V. [805 (300)], India K001065100
Avionon [s.n.], France K001064185
s.coll. [s.n.], Spain K001064230
Lofebre, J. [s.n.], Algeria K001064901
Duthie, J. [s.n.], Pakistan K001064989
Maire, E.E. [3049], China K001064979
Stewart, R. [9788], India K001065054
Clarke, C. [29517A], India K001065053
Dybowski, W. [s.n.], Lithuania K001064957
Behm [558], Sweden K001064150
Bornet, E. [s.n.], France K001064188
Thompson, P. [42], Montenegro K001064210
Sandberg, C. [s.n.], Sweden K001064125
Moore, D.M. [442], Chile K001065205
Rein, J.J. [400], Morocco K000687924
Hooker [s.n.], Morocco K001064891
s.coll. [1513], Greece K001064242
s.coll. [401], Portugal K001064231
Fuller, G. [90], India K001065061
Clarke, C.B. [48592], Switzerland K001064138
Cavalerie, J. [7999], China K001064975
Gamble, J. [6461A], India K001065102
Stewart, R.R. [23450], Pakistan K001065000
Buigley, L.M. [20], Lord Howe I. K001065127
Maire, R.P. [s.n.], China K001064974
Berro, M.B. [8184], Uruguay K001065203
Kivnaky [s.n.] K001064176
Pin, L. [s.n.] K001064180
Akhmedshima, N. [s.n.], Tajikistan K001064934
Paris, E.G. [395], Algeria K001064900
Sprague [406] K001064920
s.coll. [s.n.], Switzerland K001064143
Wolley-Dod, A.H. Captain [2067A], South Africa K001065169
Anderssum, Dr. [1887?], Sweden K001064120
Jury [11401], Morocco K001064888
Mameev [310], Russian Federation K001064952
Stransci, T. [s.n.], Bulgaria K001064178
Gardner [1052], Sri Lanka K001065108
Henry, A. [4673], China K001064966
s.coll. [s.n.], Turkey K001064940
Ali, A. [136], Pakistan K001064987
Ball, J. [s.n.] K001064208
Sandwith, N.Y. [4263], Spain K001064229
Hooker [s.n.], Morocco K001064895
Bogoljubova [6701] K001064982
Henry, A. [10740], China K001065044
Flynn, T. [6131], Hawaii K001065154
Turrill, W.B. [K234], Croatia K001064218
s.coll. [754] K001064959
Gretz, L. [s.n.] K001064166
Trevelyan, W.C. [s.n.], Gibraltar K000650841
s.coll. [s.n.] K001064170
Vermoesen [s.n.], Belgium K001064192
achmetshina, N. [s.n.], Tajikistan K001064936
Rogers, F.A. [1002], Switzerland K001064160
s.coll. [s.n.], France K001064186
Rechinger [634] K001064215
s.coll. [s.n.], Algeria K001064828
Czukavin, I. [s.n.], Tajikistan K001064935
Haussknecht, C. [s.n.], Greece K001064238
Parker, R.N. [4835], South Africa K001065172
Bové, N. [s.n.], Algeria K001064827
Wisniewski, T. [3210], Poland K001064173
Henry, A. [10740], China K001064978
Rodway, F.A. [1691], New South Wales K001065114
Akhmetshina, N. [s.n.], Russian Federation K001064954
Ducloux, F. [7437], China K001064976
Gross, L. [350] K001064148
Tweedie, R. [143], Argentina K001065210
Clarke, C. [26764 B], India K001065067
Rechinger, K.H. [16149], Greece K001064234
Thomson, T. [s.n.], India K001065099
Henry, A. [6530], China K001064968
Fischer, W. [198], Argentina K001065209
Strachey, R. [s.n.], India K001065085
Makarov, V.V. [s.n.], Russian Federation K001064956
Townsend, N.W.H. [T591], Spain K001064222
Gilliat-Smith, B. [2924] K001064212
Schlagintweit [3872], India K001065056
Gamble, J.S. [28235], Gibraltar K000650845
Faurie, U. [7174], Japan K001065045
Goy, D.A. [198], New South Wales K001065116
Hubbard, C.E. [8520], Victoria K001065113
R.J.L. [s.n.], Madeira K001064929
Hanson, A. [139], Madeira K001064931
Grimshaw, J.M. [93800], Tanzania K001065158
Duthie, J. [s.n.], India K001065098
Collett, H. [5438A], India K001065101
Gamble [4857B], India K001065084
Pitard, C.J. [1276], Morocco K001064889
Hanson, A. [156], Madeira K001064930
Litwinow, D. [s.n.], Turkmenistan K001064938
Appleton, H. [s.n.] K001064945
Christopher, J. [G. 416], India K001065073
Bourne [3696], India K001065093
Stainton, J.D.A. [7498], Greece K001064233
Garside, S. [1334], South Africa K001065171
Stewart, R. [26634], Pakistan K001065052
King, G. [s.n.], India K001065095
Hooker [s.n.], Morocco K001064892
s.coll. [s.n.], Yugoslavia K001064219
Donell [s.n.], India K001065060
Gamble, J.S. [s.n.], France K001064181
Jansen [s.n.] K001064191
Vickery, J. [99], New South Wales K001065117
Saunders, E.M. [s.n.], Pakistan K001064998
s.coll. [s.n.], France K001064175
Bhattacharyya, U. [24374], India K001065078
White, C.T. [s.n.], Victoria K001065123
s.coll. [s.n.], Spain K001064224
s.coll. [s.n.], Italy K001064204
Siddiqui, M. [26736], Pakistan K001064994
Hosaka, E.Y. [2182], Hawaii K001065153
Alm, C.G. [2984], Sweden K001064126
Krist, V. [528] K001064174
Oretzois, P. [s.n.], Romania K001064167
s.coll. [s.n.], Morocco K001064897
Sibthorp, J. [s.n.], Greece K000789929 Unknown type material
Nannfeldt, J.A. [17936], Sweden K001064127
Ronginskaya, A. [351] K001064983
Guicciardi, J. [s.n.], Greece K001064236
Eliás, P. [48], Slovakia K001064169
Bunge [s.n.] K001064943
Pohl, R.W. [11422], Costa Rica K001065193
Schneider, C. [2226], China K001065042
Forrest, G. [2773], China K001065043
Niguez, E. [s.n.], Chile K001065206
Kloos, A.W. [s.n.] K001064190
Hooker [s.n.], Morocco K001064894
Nicholas, A. [488] K001065160
Tenore, M. [s.n.], Italy K000789932
Bangerter, B. [5221], New Zealand North K001065150
Hooker [s.n.], Morocco K001064898
Tionid [s.n.] K001064122
Alster, A.H.G. [37026], Algeria K001064825
Roadway, F.A. [s.n.], New South Wales K001065119
Bornmüller, J. [2955] K001064925
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8899] K001131802
LAUS [s.n.] K001064171
Deane, H. [s.n.], Pakistan K001064995
Parker, R. [3428], India K001065081
s.coll. [s.n.] K001064209
Gamble, J.S. [25212], India K001065088
Maire, E.E. [2882], China K001065040
Sachokia, M. [s.n.], Azerbaijan K001064961
Harris, W. [11779], Jamaica K001065194
Dennis, R.W. [s.n.] K001064179
Barber, C. [4127], India K001065094
Hepper, F.N. [9114], France K001064187
s.coll. [8899], India K001065072
Ferguson, K. [6470/95], Morocco K001064905
Willkommii, H.M. [845], Spain K001064199
Vallentin, E. [36] K000369230
Niguez, E. [84], Chile K001065208
Schrenk [s.n.] K001064981
Lovemus, O.L. [s.n.], Ukraine K001064958
Brummitt, R.K. [4550], Italy K001064202
Stainton, J.D.A. [7629], Greece K001064235
Chiao, C.Y. [2387], China K001064965
s.coll. [s.n.] K001064145
Butter, J. [s.n.], Switzerland K001064140
Asplund, E. [1207], Canary Is. K001064923
Townsend, D.W.H. [T548], Spain K001064195
Gilliat-Smith, B. [2924] K001064214
Niguez, E. [14], Chile K001065207
Corner, E. [8899], India K001065076
Swartz [s.n.], Sweden K001064121
Hooker [s.n.], Morocco K001064893
Gammie, G. [s.n.], India K001065062
Schrenck [s.n.] K001064944
Wolf, F.O. [132], Switzerland K001064137
Pratt, A.E. [121], China K001064973
Tufvesson, P. [s.n.], Sweden K001064128
Oberneder, L. [863] K001064158
Picher, T. [s.n.], Greece K001064237
Stewart, R. [2536], Pakistan K001064988

First published in Sp. Pl.: 71 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Bergmeier, E., Blockeel, T., Böhling, N., Fournaraki, C., Gotsiou, P., Jahn, R., Lansdown, R. & Turland, N. (2011). An inventory of the vascular plants and bryophytes of Gavdopoula island (S Aegean, Greece) and its phytogeographical significance Willdenowia 41: 179-190.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Bosser, J. & Renvoize, S.A. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 203: 1-276. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D. (1970). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 1: 1-176.
  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Frenot, Y., Chown, S.L., Whinam, J., Selkirk, P.M., Convey, P., Skotnicki, M. & Bergstrom,D.M. (2005). Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 80: 45-72.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. (2009). Alien plants and their impact on Tristan da Cunha 2: 1-307. Overseas Territories Environment Programme (OTEP).
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Meyer, F.K. (2011). Beiträge zur Flora von Albanien Haussknechtia, Beih. 15: 1-220.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
  • von Raab-Straube, E. (ed.) (2012-continuously updated). The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/query.asp.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.or

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Bosser, J. & Renvoize, S.A. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 203: 1-276. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
  • Broughton, D.A. & McAdam, J.H. (2002). The non-native vascular flora of the Falkland islands Botanical Journal of Scotland 54: 153-190.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D. (1970). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 1: 1-176.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • Frenot, Y., Chown, S.L., Whinam, J., Selkirk, P.M., Convey, P., Skotnicki, M. & Bergstrom,D.M. (2005). Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 80: 45-72.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. (2009). Alien plants and their impact on Tristan da Cunha 2: 1-307. Overseas Territories Environment Programme (OTEP).
  • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Hultén, E.O.G. (1960). Flora of the Aleutian Islands and westernmost Alaska Peninsula: with notes on the flora of Commander Islands, ed. 2: 1-376. Weinheim : J. Cramer ; New York : Hafner Pub. Co.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Marhold, K. (ed.) (2012). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 13 Taxon 61: 889-902.
  • Marhold, K. (ed.) (2012). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 14 Taxon 61: 1336-1345.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Mouterde, P. (1966). Nouvelle Flore du Liban et de la Syrie 1(Texte): 1-563. Éditions de l'imprimerie Catholique, Beyrouth.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Roshevitz, R.J. & al. (eds.) (1950). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 2: 1-315. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
  • Sumadijaya, A. (2011). An account of the non-bambusoid alien grasses (Poaceae) in Java, one century after first records by Backer Folia Malaysiana 12: 47-68.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
  • de Cordemoy, E.J. (1895). Flore de l'ile de la Réunion: 1-574. Librairie des sciences naturelles Paul Klincksieck, Paris.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 13 (1965).
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Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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Universidad Nacional de Colombia
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Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
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