1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dactylis L.
      1. Dactylis glomerata L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit. to Temp. Eurasia.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Coarsely tufted perennial.
    Culms
    Culms 15–140 cm. high, erect or spreading, slender to stout, the vegetative shoots strongly compressed.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades 10–45 cm. long and 2–14 mm. wide, at first folded, glabrous; sheaths strongly compressed and keeled.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle oblong to ovate, 2–30 cm. long; the branches close together and spike-like or usually with the lower distant and bare at the base.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets oblong or wedge-shaped, 5–9 mm. long; glumes lanceolate to ovate, ciliate on the keel, finely pointed; lemmas lanceolate to oblong in side view, 4–7 mm. long, the keel ciliate or rough, tipped with a rigid awn up to 1.5 mm. long.
    Figures
    Fig. 16, p. 44.
    Habitat
    Roadsides; 2000–2300 m.
    Distribution
    T3 temperate Europe and Asia, introduced into most temperate countries
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Basal innovations flabellate. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 15-140 cm long. Leaf-sheaths keeled. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades conduplicate; 10-45 cm long; 2-14 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; ovate; interrupted; secund; 2-30 cm long; gathered into fascicles. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or cuneate; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 5-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or cuneate; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 5-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma obovate; laterally compressed; lanceolate in profile, or oblong in profile; 4-7 mm long; herbaceous; much thinner on margins; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma midvein pectinately ciliate. Lemma lateral veins convergent above; extending close to apex. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 0.5-1.5 mm long overall. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Europe: northern, central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north, Macaronesia, northeast tropical, east tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet far east, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, Arabia, China, Mongolia, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India and Malesia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, and north-central. North America: Subarctic, western Canada, eastern Canada, northwest USA, north-central USA, northeast USA, southwest USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America. Antarctic: Subantarctic islands.
    Reference
    Poeae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Saudi Arabia, Yemen

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

    Extinct in:

    Jawa

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Bolivia, Brazil South, British Columbia, California, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Fiji, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Greenland, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Kerguelen, Kermadec Is., Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manitoba, Marquesas, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Réunion, Sakhalin, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South Georgia, St.Helena, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yukon

    Dactylis glomerata L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 27, 2009 Gremmen, N.J.M. [T07 0320], Tristan da Cunha K000369933
    Apr 27, 2009 Gremmen, N.J.M. [T07 0179], Tristan da Cunha K000369963
    Jun 1, 1983 Garcia, E. [419], Bolivia K001065201
    Jan 1, 1980 Toppin, S. [581], Pakistan K001064992
    Aug 1, 1968 Stableford, H.S. [8], Tristan da Cunha K000369251
    Jul 5, 1968 Wace, N.M. [T 187], Tristan da Cunha K000369249
    Aug 2, 1966 s.coll. [s.n.] K000369229
    Jan 1, 1963 Bor, N.L. [s.n.], Austria K001064153
    Dec 1, 1960 Hutchison, P.C. [221], Chile K001065204
    Jan 1, 1957 Polunin, O. [5003], Nepal K001065063
    Jan 1, 1957 Polunin, O. [3159], Nepal K001065064
    Jan 1, 1957 Polunin, O. [2625], Nepal K001065070
    Jan 1, 1957 Stainton [3656], Nepal K001065065
    Jan 1, 1957 Stainton [7380], Nepal K001065066
    Jan 1, 1957 Stainton [1976], Nepal K001065071
    Jan 1, 1947 Wood, J.R.I. [4375], Colombia K001065197
    Jan 1, 1947 Peterson, P.M. [14919], Peru K001065200
    Jan 1, 1947 Little, E.L.Jr. [8636], Colombia K001065196
    Jan 1, 1947 Blair, I.J. [487], Peru K001065198
    Jan 1, 1947 Blair, I.J. [448], Peru K001065199
    Jan 1, 1947 Bor, N. [15529], India K001065079
    Jan 1, 1947 Bor, N. [14055], India K001065080
    Jan 1, 1947 Bor, N. [14088], India K001065083
    Sandwith, N.Y. [4263], Spain K001064229
    Drummond, R.B. [919], Italy K001064201
    Rodway, F.A. [1972], New South Wales K001065111
    Rodway, F.A. [1691], New South Wales K001065114
    Rodway, F.A. [2059], Australia K001065125
    Hubbard, C.E. [8520], Victoria K001065113
    Turrill, W.B. [K234], Croatia K001064217
    Turrill, W.B. [K234], Croatia K001064218
    Hepper, F.N. [9114], France K001064187
    Forrest, G. [2773], China K001065043
    Rechinger, K.H. [16050], Serbia K001064213
    Rechinger, K.H. [16149], Greece K001064234
    Whiting, M.M. [621], Germany K001064156
    Burns, T.E. [810], Tasmania K001065112
    Ball, J. [s.n.] K001064208
    Townsend, C.C. [88/100], Greece K001064240
    Balls, E.K. [B2957], Morocco K001064886
    Garside, S. [1334], South Africa K001065171
    Hooker [s.n.], Morocco K001064891
    Hooker [s.n.], Morocco K001064892
    Hooker [s.n.], Morocco K001064893
    Hooker [s.n.], Morocco K001064894
    Hooker [s.n.], Morocco K001064895
    Hooker [s.n.], Morocco K001064896
    Hooker [s.n.], Morocco K001064898
    Brummitt, R.K. [4550], Italy K001064202
    Pohl, R.W. [11422], Costa Rica K001065193
    Bolus, L. [14917], South Africa K001065170
    Degener, O. [9129], Hawaii K001065151
    Strachey, R. [s.n.], India K001065085
    Townsend, D.W.H. [T548], Spain K001064195
    Townsend, D.W.H. [T542], Spain K001064196
    Townsend, D.W.H. [T515], Spain K001064197
    Townsend, D.W.H. [T539], Spain K001064198
    Simpson, N.D. [39500], Libya K001064903
    Coveny, R. [11384], New South Wales K001065124
    Thompson, P. [42], Montenegro K001064210
    Rock, J.F. [11620], China K001064977
    Bramwell [410], Canary Is. K001064921
    Stainton, J.D.A. [7498], Greece K001064233
    Stainton, J.D.A. [7629], Greece K001064235
    Wheeler Haines, R. [W2034], Iraq K001065212
    Thomson, T. [s.n.], India K001065097
    Thomson, T. [s.n.], India K001065099
    Thomson, T. [s.n.], India K001065106
    LAUS [s.n.] K001064171
    White, C.T. [s.n.], Victoria K001065123
    Kurz [s.n.], India K001065103
    Nicholas, A. [488] K001065160
    Nicholas, A. [2097], South Africa K001065161
    Gamble, J. [24308], India K001065086
    Gamble, J. [4857A], India K001065090
    Gamble, J. [4856A], India K001065091
    Gamble, J. [6461A], India K001065102
    Duthie, J.F. [22670], Pakistan K001065047
    Salzmann [s.n.], Gibraltar K000650842
    Henry, A. [4673], China K001064966
    Henry, A. [6530 A], China K001064967
    Henry, A. [6530], China K001064968
    Henry, A. [10740], China K001064978
    Henry, A. [10740], China K001065044
    Asplund, E. [195], Sweden K001064124
    Asplund, E. [1207], Canary Is. K001064923
    Asplund, E. [1006], Canary Is. K001064924
    Bourgeau, E. [1562] K001064922
    Bourgeau, E. [527] K001064926
    Gamble [4857B], India K001065084
    Parker, R.N. [4835], South Africa K001065168
    Parker, R.N. [4835], South Africa K001065172
    Stapf, O. [s.n.] K001064159
    Grimshaw, J.M. [93800], Tanzania K001065158
    Haussknecht, C. [s.n.], Greece K001064238
    Collett, H. [5438A], India K001065101
    Cavalerie, J. [7999], China K001064975
    Cavalerie, J. [2125], China K001065041
    Farges, R.P. [301], China K001064972
    Harris, W. [11779], Jamaica K001065194
    Drummond, J. [21368], India K001065104
    Drummond, J. [23362], India K001065105
    Andrews, C. [1219], Western Australia K001065121
    Guicciardi, J. [s.n.], Greece K001064236
    King, G. [s.n.], India K001065095
    Falconer [s.n.], India K001065057
    Falconer [s.n.], India K001065058
    Chu, K.L. [2904], China K001064971
    Rechinger [634] K001064215
    Saunders, E.M. [s.n.], Pakistan K001064998
    Stewart, R.R. [23450], Pakistan K001065000
    Stewart, R.R. [23432], Pakistan K001065048
    Stewart, R.R. [25061], Pakistan K001065049
    J.J. [s.n.], Tibet K001065059
    Bourne [3696], India K001065092
    Bourne [3696], India K001065093
    Meebold, A. [s.n.] K001064146
    Rogers, F.A. [1002], Switzerland K001064160
    Rogers, F.A. [292], Switzerland K001064161
    Drummond, J.R. [23349], India K001065107
    Schlagintweit [3299], India K001065055
    Schlagintweit [3872], India K001065056
    Boissier [s.n.], Algeria K001064899
    Paris, E.G. [395], Algeria K001064900
    Murray, R.P. [s.n.] K001064918
    Murray, R.P. [s.n.] K001064919
    Lindberg, H. [1049], Finland K001064123
    Lindberg, H. [3462], Morocco K001064887
    Rein, J.J. [400], Morocco K000687924
    Trevelyan, W.C. [s.n.], Gibraltar K000650841
    R.J.L. [s.n.], Madeira K001064929
    Pitard, C.J. [1276], Morocco K001064889
    Pitard, C.J. [1275], Morocco K001064890
    Bové, N. [s.n.], Algeria K001064827
    Bové, N. [s.n.], Algeria K001064902
    Swartz [s.n.], Sweden K001064121
    Bornmüller, J. [496] K001064207
    Bornmüller, J. [2955] K001064925
    Hosaka, E.Y. [2182], Hawaii K001065153
    Greenaway, P.J. [7908], Tanzania K001065159
    Gamble, J.S. [s.n.], France K001064181
    Gamble, J.S. [28235], Gibraltar K000650845
    Gamble, J.S. [25212], India K001065088
    Tothill, J.D. [60], Fiji K001065156
    Smook, L. [1233] K001065163
    Pratt, A.E. [121], China K001064973
    Fuller, G. [90], India K001065061
    Deane, H. [s.n.], Pakistan K001064995
    Harriss [16804], Pakistan K001064993
    Duthie, J. [s.n.], Pakistan K001064989
    Duthie, J. [203/2], Pakistan K001064990
    Duthie, J. [17805], Pakistan K001064991
    Duthie, J. [25025], India K001065087
    Duthie, J. [s.n.], India K001065089
    Duthie, J. [s.n.], India K001065098
    Wolf, F.O. [132], Switzerland K001064137
    Perraudiere [s.n.], Canary Is. K001064927
    Vermoesen [s.n.], Belgium K001064192
    Fischer, W. [198], Argentina K001065209
    Turner, D. [s.n.], Italy K000789930
    Koelz, W. [21708], India K001065077
    Schneider, C. [2226], China K001065042
    Moore, D.M. [442], Chile K001065205
    Platt, J.W.O. [508], Greece K001064239
    Ahlberg, F. [s.n.] K001064099
    Vickery, J. [99], New South Wales K001065115
    Vickery, J. [99], New South Wales K001065117
    Appleton, H. [s.n.] K001064945
    Chiao, C.Y. [2387], China K001064965
    Maire, E.E. [3049], China K001064979
    Maire, E.E. [2882], China K001065040
    Price, M.P. [130], Mongolia K001064942
    Alm, C.G. [2984], Sweden K001064126
    Dybowski, W. [s.n.], Lithuania K001064957
    Ducloux, F. [7437], China K001064976
    Walker, E.H. [4911], New Zealand South K001065149
    Wang, Z.T. [870330], China K001064969
    Schrenk [s.n.] K001064981
    McKie, E.N. [706], New South Wales K001065118
    Gilliat-Smith, B. [2924] K001064212
    Gilliat-Smith, B. [2924] K001064214
    Berro, M.B. [8184], Uruguay K001065203
    Bunge [s.n.] K001064943
    Peterson, P.M. [18696], Canada K001065128
    Cope, T.A. [RBG 62], United Kingdom K000914518
    Corner, E. [8899], India K001065076
    Vallentin, E. [36] K000369230
    Tweedie, R. [143], Argentina K001065210
    Santesson, R. [691], Argentina K001065211
    Reichenbach [s.n.], Italy K001064203
    Flynn, T. [6131], Hawaii K001065154
    Flynn, T. [6131], Hawaii K001065155
    Kneucker, A. [900] K001064149
    Garder [s.n.] K001064155
    Soreng, R.J. [7906], Russian Federation K001064962
    Renvoize, S.A. [4150], Bolivia K001065202
    Maire, R.P. [s.n.], China K001064974
    Schrenck [s.n.] K001064944
    Renvoize, S. [6003], Georgia K001064980
    Sennen, F. [s.n.], Spain K001064220
    Sennen, F. [s.n.], Spain K001064221
    Willkommii, H.M. [845], Spain K001064199
    Clarke, C.B. [48592], Switzerland K001064138
    Tilden, J.E. [869], Victoria K001065126
    Jacquemont, V. [805 (300)], India K001065100
    Schneider, C.K. [357], Bulgaria K001064177
    Clarke, C. [29517A], India K001065053
    Clarke, C. [26764 B], India K001065067
    Clarke, C. [26764 A], India K001065069
    Grintescu, G.P. [1432], Romania K001064168
    Tenore, M. [s.n.], Italy K000789931
    Tenore, M. [s.n.], Italy K000789932
    Gross, L. [350] K001064148
    Krist, V. [528] K001064174
    Kloos, A.W. [s.n.] K001064190
    Mosseray, R. [s.n.], France K001064182
    Blake, S. [339], Australia K001065109
    Blake, S. [347], Australia K001065110
    Faurie, U. [7174], Japan K001065045
    Faurie, U. [1222], Japan K001065046
    Litwinow, D. [s.n.], Turkmenistan K001064938
    Ali, S. [220], Pakistan K001065050
    Sibthorp, J. [s.n.], Greece K000789929 Unknown type material
    Ali, A. [136], Pakistan K001064987
    Holmberg, O.R. [s.n.], Sweden K001064095
    Keng [3776], China K001064970
    s.coll. [s.n.], Sweden K001064096
    s.coll. [s.n.], Switzerland K001064141
    s.coll. [s.n.], Switzerland K001064142
    s.coll. [s.n.], Switzerland K001064143
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001064144
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001064145
    s.coll. [s.n.], Germany K001064154
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001064170
    s.coll. [s.n.], France K001064175
    s.coll. [s.n.], France K001064186
    s.coll. [408], Italy K001064200
    s.coll. [s.n.], Italy K001064204
    s.coll. [697], Malta K001064205
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001064209
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001064216
    s.coll. [s.n.], Yugoslavia K001064219
    s.coll. [s.n.], Gibraltar K000650843
    s.coll. [s.n.], Gibraltar K000650844
    s.coll. [s.n.], Romania K001064939
    s.coll. [s.n.], Turkey K001064940
    s.coll. [s.n.], Spain K001064223
    s.coll. [s.n.], Spain K001064224
    s.coll. [s.n.], Spain K001064225
    s.coll. [s.n.], Spain K001064226
    s.coll. [s.n.], Spain K001064230
    s.coll. [401], Portugal K001064231
    s.coll. [1513], Greece K001064242
    s.coll. [24/45], South Africa K001065165
    s.coll. [8899], India K001065072
    s.coll. [s.n.], Algeria K001064826
    s.coll. [s.n.], Algeria K001064828
    s.coll. [395], Algeria K001064829
    s.coll. [s.n.], Morocco K001064897
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001064928
    s.coll. [682], Madeira K001064932
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001065414
    s.coll. [754] K001064959
    Christopher, J. [G. 416], India K001065073
    Judd, A.F. [s.n.], Hawaii K001065152
    Collett, R. [s.n.], Norway K001064098
    Du Toit, P.C.V. [2543] K001065164
    Barber, C. [4127], India K001065094
    Gardner [1052], Sri Lanka K001065108
    Korolkoff [s.n.] K001064941
    Hubbard, E. [s.n.], Norway K001064094
    Löfvander, C. [s.n.], Sweden K001064097
    Anderssum, Dr. [1887?], Sweden K001064120
    Sandberg, C. [s.n.], Sweden K001064125
    Tufvesson, P. [s.n.], Sweden K001064128
    Tufvesson, P. [s.n.], Sweden K001064151
    Levan, A. [s.n.], Sweden K001064129
    Bell, P.R. [25], Switzerland K001064139
    Behm [558], Sweden K001064150
    Fettweis, F. [s.n.], Germany K001064152
    Oberneder, L. [863] K001064158
    Burduja, C. [3297], Romania K001064162
    de Degen, A. [72], Hungary K001064163
    de Degen, A. [71], Hungary K001064164
    de Degen, A. [73], Hungary K001064165
    Eliás, P. [48], Slovakia K001064169
    Wisniewski, T. [3210], Poland K001064172
    Wisniewski, T. [3210], Poland K001064173
    Kivnaky [s.n.] K001064176
    Stransci, T. [s.n.], Bulgaria K001064178
    Dennis, R.W. [s.n.] K001064179
    Pin, L. [s.n.] K001064180
    Bornet, E. [s.n.], France K001064188
    Jansen [s.n.] K001064191
    van Soest [s.n.], Netherlands K001064193
    Silverwood, J. [264-72: 02484], Malta K001064206
    Malz, K. [s.n.] K001064211
    Czukavin, I. [s.n.], Tajikistan K001064935
    achmetshina, N. [s.n.], Tajikistan K001064936
    Bogoljubova [6701] K001064982
    Siddiqi, M. [1], Pakistan K001064999
    Siddiqi, M.A. [s.n.], Pakistan K001065051
    Goy, D.A. [198], New South Wales K001065116
    Roadway, F.A. [s.n.], New South Wales K001065119
    Roadway, F.A. [s.n.], New South Wales K001065120
    Shirley, J. [s.n.], Queensland K001065122
    Buigley, L.M. [20], Lord Howe I. K001065127
    Bangerter, B. [5221], New Zealand North K001065150
    Jimma, A.T.S. [A 47], Ethiopia K001065157
    Townsend, N.W.H. [T591], Spain K001064222
    Ellman [473], Spain K001064227
    Damanakis, M. [3650], Greece K001064232
    Atchley, S.L. [1988], Greece K001064241
    Upson, R. [RU 51] K000649872
    Akhmedshima, N. [s.n.], Tajikistan K001064934
    Markovich [s.n.], Georgia K001064937
    Ronginskaya, A. [351] K001064983
    Frantskerich, N.A. [867] K001064984
    Nikitin, V.V. [s.n.] K001064985
    Toosseus, A.P. [1021] K001065162
    McCalllum Webster, M. [79], South Africa K001065166
    v.d. Merwe, C.V. [1303], South Africa K001065167
    Wolley-Dod, A.H. Captain [2067A], South Africa K001065169
    Niguez, E. [s.n.], Chile K001065206
    Niguez, E. [14], Chile K001065207
    Niguez, E. [84], Chile K001065208
    Stewart, R. [9620], Pakistan K001064986
    Stewart, R. [2536], Pakistan K001064988
    Stewart, R. [26634], Pakistan K001065052
    Stewart, R. [9788], India K001065054
    Siddiqui, M. [26736], Pakistan K001064994
    Saunders, E. [s.n.], Pakistan K001064996
    Saunders, E. [s.n.], Pakistan K001064997
    Gammie, G. [s.n.], India K001065062
    Dunbar, G. [2], Bhutan K001065068
    Wingate, G. [s.n.], India K001065074
    Bor, N. [12693], India K001065075
    Bhattacharyya, U. [24374], India K001065078
    Parker, R. [3428], India K001065081
    Koclz, W. [21708], India K001065082
    Narayanarwami, V. [4381], India K001065096
    Jury [11401], Morocco K001064888
    Salah ben Saud [287], Libya K001064904
    Ferguson, K. [6470/95], Morocco K001064905
    Ferguson, K. [6188/95], Morocco K001064906
    Ferguson, K. [6361/95], Morocco K001064907
    Sprague [406] K001064920
    Hanson, A. [156], Madeira K001064930
    Hanson, A. [139], Madeira K001064931
    Lowe, R.J. [682], Madeira K001064933
    Le Fleming [s.n.], Russian Federation K001064953
    Sachokia, M. [s.n.], Azerbaijan K001064961
    Lipskyi, V.I. [s.n.] K001064950
    Punson, F. [s.n.], Russian Federation K001064951
    Mameev [310], Russian Federation K001064952
    Akhmetshina, N. [s.n.], Russian Federation K001064954
    Tzvelev, N. [4909], Ukraine K001064955
    Makarov, V.V. [s.n.], Russian Federation K001064956
    Lovemus, O.L. [s.n.], Ukraine K001064958
    von Knorring, O. [519], Russian Federation K001064960
    Borel, J.M. [s.n.], France K001064184
    Borel, J.M. [s.n.], France K001064189
    Avionon [s.n.], France K001064185
    Alster, A.H.G. [37026], Algeria K001064825
    Donell [s.n.], India K001065060
    Gretz, L. [s.n.] K001064166
    Lofebre, J. [s.n.], Algeria K001064901
    Linael [549], Colombia K001065195
    Nannfeldt, J.A. [17936], Sweden K001064127
    Oretzois, P. [s.n.], Romania K001064167
    Picher, T. [s.n.], Greece K001064237
    Butter, J. [s.n.], Switzerland K001064140
    Redurep [s.n.] K001064157
    Roux [711], France K001064183
    Ruiebold, A. [s.n.], Spain K001064228
    v.d. Merwe, J.J. [72] K000369250
    Tionid [s.n.] K001064122
    Bredmann, G. [s.n.] K001064147
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8899] K001131802

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 71 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • von Raab-Straube, E. (ed.) (2012-continuously updated). The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/query.asp.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Meyer, F.K. (2011). Beiträge zur Flora von Albanien Haussknechtia, Beih. 15: 1-220.
    • Bergmeier, E., Blockeel, T., Böhling, N., Fournaraki, C., Gotsiou, P., Jahn, R., Lansdown, R. & Turland, N. (2011). An inventory of the vascular plants and bryophytes of Gavdopoula island (S Aegean, Greece) and its phytogeographical significance Willdenowia 41: 179-190.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. (2009). Alien plants and their impact on Tristan da Cunha 2: 1-307. Overseas Territories Environment Programme (OTEP).
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Frenot, Y., Chown, S.L., Whinam, J., Selkirk, P.M., Convey, P., Skotnicki, M. & Bergstrom,D.M. (2005). Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 80: 45-72.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1970). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 1: 1-176.

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    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. (2009). Alien plants and their impact on Tristan da Cunha 2: 1-307. Overseas Territories Environment Programme (OTEP).
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Frenot, Y., Chown, S.L., Whinam, J., Selkirk, P.M., Convey, P., Skotnicki, M. & Bergstrom,D.M. (2005). Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 80: 45-72.
    • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
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    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
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    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
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    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/